We address a longstanding open problem of [10, 9], and present a general transformation that transforms any pointer based data structure to be confluently persistent. Such transformations for fully persistent data structures are given in , greatly improving the performance compared to the naive scheme of simply copying the inputs. Unlike fully persistent data structures, where both the naive scheme and the fully persistent scheme of  are feasible, we show that the naive scheme for confluently persistent data structures is itself infeasible (requires exponential space and time). Thus, prior to this paper there was no feasible method for implementing confluently persistent data structures at all. Our methods give an exponential reduction in space and time compared to the naive method, placing confluently persistent data structures in the realm of possibility.