## Estimating Ratios of Normalizing Constants for Densities with Different Dimensions (1997)

Venue: | STATISTICA SINICA |

Citations: | 16 - 2 self |

### BibTeX

@MISC{Chen97estimatingratios,

author = {Ming-Hui Chen and Qi-Man Shao},

title = {Estimating Ratios of Normalizing Constants for Densities with Different Dimensions},

year = {1997}

}

### OpenURL

### Abstract

In Bayesian inference, a Bayes factor is defined as the ratio of posterior odds versus prior odds where posterior odds is simply a ratio of the normalizing constants of two posterior densities. In many practical problems, the two posteriors have different dimensions. For such cases, the current Monte Carlo methods such as the bridge sampling method (Meng and Wong 1996), the path sampling method (Gelman and Meng 1994), and the ratio importance sampling method (Chen and Shao 1994) cannot directly be applied. In this article, we extend importance sampling, bridge sampling, and ratio importance sampling to problems of different dimensions. Then we find global optimal importance sampling, bridge sampling, and ratio importance sampling in the sense of minimizing asymptotic relative mean-square errors of estimators. Implementation algorithms, which can asymptotically achieve the optimal simulation errors, are developed and two illustrative examples are also provided.