## Exact and Approximation Algorithms for Sorting By Reversals, With Application to Genome Rearrangement (1995)

Citations: | 78 - 4 self |

### BibTeX

@MISC{Kececioglu95exactand,

author = {John Kececioglu and David Sankoff},

title = {Exact and Approximation Algorithms for Sorting By Reversals, With Application to Genome Rearrangement},

year = {1995}

}

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### OpenURL

### Abstract

Motivated by the problem in computational biology of reconstructing the series of chromosome inversions by which one organism evolved from another, we consider the problem of computing the shortest series of reversals that transform one permutation to another. The permutations describe the order of genes on corresponding chromosomes, and a reversal takes an arbitrary substring of elements and reverses their order. For this problem we develop two algorithms: a greedy approximation algorithm that finds a solution provably close to optimal in O(n 2 ) time and O(n) space for an n element permutation, and a branch and bound exact algorithm that finds an optimal solution in O(mL(n;n)) time and O(n 2 ) space, where m is the size of the branch and bound search tree and L(n; n) is the time to solve a linear program of n variables and n constraints. The greedy algorithm is the first to come within a constant factor of the optimum; it guarantees a solution that uses no more than twice the min...