## Phoneme Probability Estimation with Dynamic Sparsely Connected Artificial Neural Networks (1997)

Citations: | 27 - 1 self |

### BibTeX

@MISC{Ström97phonemeprobability,

author = {Nikko Ström},

title = {Phoneme Probability Estimation with Dynamic Sparsely Connected Artificial Neural Networks},

year = {1997}

}

### Years of Citing Articles

### OpenURL

### Abstract

This paper presents new methods for training large neural networks for phoneme probability estimation. An architecture combining time-delay windows and recurrent connections is used to capture the important dynamic information of the speech signal. Because the number of connections in a fully connected recurrent network grows super-linear with the number of hidden units, schemes for sparse connection and connection pruning are explored. It is found that sparsely connected networks outperform their fully connected counterparts with an equal number of connections. The implementation of the combined architecture and training scheme is described in detail. The networks are evaluated in a hybrid HMM/ANN system for phoneme recognition on the TIMIT database, and for word recognition on the WAXHOLM database. The achieved phone error-rate, 27.8%, for the standard 39 phoneme set on the core test-set of the TIMIT database is in the range of the lowest reported. All training and simulation softwar...