## Networks of Spiking Neurons: The Third Generation of Neural Network Models (1997)

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Venue: | Neural Networks |

Citations: | 138 - 12 self |

### BibTeX

@ARTICLE{Maass97networksof,

author = {Wolfgang Maass and Technische Universitaet Graz},

title = {Networks of Spiking Neurons: The Third Generation of Neural Network Models},

journal = {Neural Networks},

year = {1997},

volume = {10},

pages = {1659--1671}

}

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### Abstract

The computational power of formal models for networks of spiking neurons is compared with that of other neural network models based on McCulloch Pitts neurons (i.e. threshold gates) respectively sigmoidal gates. In particular it is shown that networks of spiking neurons are computationally more powerful than these other neural network models. A concrete biologically relevant function is exhibited which can be computed by a single spiking neuron (for biologically reasonable values of its parameters), but which requires hundreds of hidden units on a sigmoidal neural net. This article does not assume prior knowledge about spiking neurons, and it contains an extensive list of references to the currently available literature on computations in networks of spiking neurons and relevant results from neurobiology. 1 Definitions and Motivations If one classifies neural network models according to their computational units, one can distinguish three different generations. The first generation i...