@TECHREPORT{Sewell95thealgebra, author = {Peter Michael Sewell}, title = {The Algebra of Finite State Processes}, institution = {}, year = {1995} }

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Abstract

This thesis is concerned with the algebraic theory of finite state processes. The processes we focus on are those given by a signature with prefix, summation and recursion, considered modulo strong bisimulation. We investigate their equational and implicational theories. We first consider the existence of finite equational axiomatisations. In order to express an interesting class of equational axioms we embed the processes into a simply typed lambda calculus, allowing equation schemes with metasubstitutions to be expressed by pure equations. Two equivalences over the lambda terms are defined, an extensional equality and a higher order bisimulation. Under a restriction to first order variables these are shown to coincide and an examination of the coincidence shows that no finite equational axiomatisation of strong bisimulation can exist. We then encode the processes of Basic Process Algebra with iteration and zero (BPA ffi ) into this lambda calculus and show that it too is not finit...