## Formal Methods For The Re-Engineering of Computing Systems (1997)

Venue: | In Proceedings of The 21st IEEE International Conference on Computer Software and Application (COMPSAC'97 |

Citations: | 3 - 1 self |

### BibTeX

@INPROCEEDINGS{Liu97formalmethods,

author = {X. Liu and H. Yang and H. Zedan},

title = {Formal Methods For The Re-Engineering of Computing Systems},

booktitle = {In Proceedings of The 21st IEEE International Conference on Computer Software and Application (COMPSAC'97},

year = {1997},

pages = {409--141},

publisher = {IEEE Computer Society}

}

### OpenURL

### Abstract

We present a short review of formal methods and their use in the re-engineering of computing systems. The paper considers five classes of formal notations and theories, namely state/model-based, logic-based, algebraic-based, process algebra and net-based formalisms together with combined formalisms. Keywords : formal methods, re-engineering, wide spectrum language, real-time systems, refinement, reverse engineering, logic. Contents 1 INTRODUCTION 2 2 CLASSIFICATION OF FORMAL METHODS 4 2.1 Model-based Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.2 Logic-based Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3 Algebraic Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.4 Process Algebra Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.5 Net-Based Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3 CRITERIA AND RESULTS 17 4 DISCUSS...

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Citation Context ...he proposed formal re-engineering of existing computing systems, particularly real-time systems. Our extensive experience with the design and use of the Wide Spectrum Language (WSL) [4,16,63] and TAM =-=[10,59,64] have illu-=-strated the practical use of such an approach. In our next research stage, we therefore aim to: 1. develop a single "wide-spectrum" language in which both abstract specifications written in ... |

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Citation Context ...wn as wide-spectrum formalism. The development of systems in this case is achieved by a set of correctness preserving refinement steps. Examples of these form are TAM [58] and the Refinement Calculus =-=[57]-=-. Examples ffl ITL [11] [47] [46] [10]. ITL (Interval Temporal Logic) has been developed in [11] [48]. This kind of logic is based on intervals of time, thought of as representing finite chunks of sys... |

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Citation Context ...e machine. It represents an improved version of the structured methods. A graphic tool called "Statemate" [2] exists to implement the formalism. Methods similar to that of Statecharts may be=-= found in [23]. Statecha-=-rts have been proved to be at least as expressive as state machines, and the succinct justification for them is provided by the following "equation": Statecharts = state-transitions + depth ... |

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Citation Context ...uage approach to the proposed formal re-engineering of existing computing systems, particularly real-time systems. Our extensive experience with the design and use of the Wide Spectrum Language (WSL) =-=[4,16,63] and TAM [-=-10,59,64] have illustrated the practical use of such an approach. In our next research stage, we therefore aim to: 1. develop a single "wide-spectrum" language in which both abstract specifi... |

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Citation Context ...eal-time domain, novel features have to be added to VDM. VDM also keeps developing: VDM ++ , as a new version of VDM integrated with object-oriented idea, is a rather mature product now. ffl B-Method =-=[36]-=- [37] [62]. The B-method uses the Abstract Machine Notation to support the description of the target systems. The most eminent success of B method is that it already has a strong and quite mature tool... |

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Citation Context ...tness preserving refinement steps. Examples of these form are TAM [58] and the Refinement Calculus [57]. Examples ffl ITL [11] [47] [46] [10]. ITL (Interval Temporal Logic) has been developed in [11] =-=[48]-=-. This kind of logic is based on intervals of time, thought of as representing finite chunks of system behaviour. An interval may be divided into two contiguous subintervals, thus leading to chop oper... |

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Citation Context ...aph semantics, and adopts bisimulation proof system. ACP allows a variety of communication paradigms, including ternary communication, through the choice of the communication function. ffl LOTOS [32] =-=[39]-=-. LOTOS (Language Of Temporal Ordering Specification) was developed to define implementation-independent formal standards of OSI services and protocols. LOTOS has two very clearly separated parts. The... |

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Citation Context ...he proposed formal re-engineering of existing computing systems, particularly real-time systems. Our extensive experience with the design and use of the Wide Spectrum Language (WSL) [4,16,63] and TAM =-=[10,59,64] have illu-=-strated the practical use of such an approach. In our next research stage, we therefore aim to: 1. develop a single "wide-spectrum" language in which both abstract specifications written in ... |

3 |
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Citation Context ... Until now, a large amount of vanities of Petri Net Theory has been proposed. Generally, petri nets can be classified into ordinary (classic) petri nets and timed petri nets. ffl Timed Petri Net [43] =-=[21]-=- [7] [8] [38] [53]. Petri Net theory was the first concurrent formalisms to deal with real-time. Two basic timed versions of Petri nets have been introduced: Timed petri Nets [124] and Time Petri Nets... |

3 |
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Citation Context ...reverse engineering, i.e. from source code program to an abstraction at very low level. Some research has been done in this area, such as the development of the reverse engineering tool AutoSpec [14] =-=[24]-=-. There is no real-time feature in Hoare Logic. Some extension can be added to make Hoare Logic more suitable for real-time domain. A Real-time Hoare Logic has been proposed [30]. Hoare Logic is one o... |

3 |
A Compositional Semantics for Statecharts
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Citation Context ... with each transition in a TPN. A state in the reachability graph is a tuple consisting of a marking, and a vector of possible firing intervals of enabled transitions in that marking. ffl Statecharts =-=[31]. Statecha-=-rts [31] provides an abstraction mechanism based on finite state machine. It represents an improved version of the structured methods. A graphic tool called "Statemate" [2] exists to impleme... |

3 |
Aquairing Entity-Relationship Attribute Diagrams from Code and Data through Program Transformation
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Citation Context ...uage approach to the proposed formal re-engineering of existing computing systems, particularly real-time systems. Our extensive experience with the design and use of the Wide Spectrum Language (WSL) =-=[4,16,63] and TAM [-=-10,59,64] have illustrated the practical use of such an approach. In our next research stage, we therefore aim to: 1. develop a single "wide-spectrum" language in which both abstract specifi... |

2 |
Modal Logic: An Introduction
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Citation Context ...e logic and other suitable formal logics, WP-Calculus has been proven to be a formalism suitable for reverse engineering of source code, especially at the low abstraction levels. ffl Modal Logic [42] =-=[15]-=-. Modal logic is the study of context-dependent properties such as necessity and possibility. In modal logic, the meaning of expressions depends on an implicit context, abstracted away from the object... |