## A Behavioural Model For Linguistic Uncertainty (1998)

Venue: | INFORMATION SCIENCES |

Citations: | 16 - 3 self |

### BibTeX

@ARTICLE{Walley98abehavioural,

author = {Peter Walley and Gert de Cooman},

title = {A Behavioural Model For Linguistic Uncertainty},

journal = {INFORMATION SCIENCES},

year = {1998},

volume = {134},

pages = {2001}

}

### Years of Citing Articles

### OpenURL

### Abstract

The paper discusses the problem of modelling linguistic uncertainty, which is the uncertainty produced by statements in natural language. For example, the vague statement `Mary is young' produces uncertainty about Mary's age. We concentrate on simple affirmative statements of the type `subject is predicate', where the predicate satisfies a special condition called monotonicity. For this case, we model linguistic uncertainty in terms of upper probabilities, which are given a behavioural interpretation as betting rates. Possibility measures and probability measures are special types of upper probability measure. We evaluate Zadeh's suggestion that possibility measures should be used to model linguistic uncertainty and the Bayesian claim that probability measures should be used. Our main conclusion is that, when the predicate is monotonic, possibility measures are appropriate models for linguistic uncertainty. We also discuss several assessment strategies for constructing a numerical model.