@MISC{Pearl_fromimaging, author = {Judea Pearl}, title = {From Imaging and Stochastic Control to a Calculus of Actions}, year = {} }

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Abstract

This paper highlights relationships among stochastic control theory, Lewis' notion of "imaging", and the representation of actions in AI systems. We show that the language of causal graphs offers a practical solution to the frame problem and its two satellites: the ramification and concurrency problems. Finally, we present a symbolic machinery that admits both probabilistic and causal information and produces probabilistic statements about the effect of actions and the impact of observations. 1 Representing and Revising Probability Functions Engineers consider the theory of stochastic control as the basic paradigm in the design and analysis of systems operating in uncertain environments. Knowledge in stochastic control theory is represented by a function P (s), which measures the probability assigned to each state s of the world, at any given time. Given P (s), it is possible to calculate the probability of any conceivable event E, by simply summing up P (s) over all states that entai...