## Energy minimization using multiple supply voltages (1996)

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### Other Repositories/Bibliography

Venue: | In International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design |

Citations: | 120 - 5 self |

### BibTeX

@INPROCEEDINGS{Chang96energyminimization,

author = {Jui-ming Chang and Massoud Pedram},

title = {Energy minimization using multiple supply voltages},

booktitle = {In International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design},

year = {1996},

pages = {157--162}

}

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### Abstract

Abstract|We present a dynamic programming technique for solving the multiple supply voltage scheduling problem in both non-pipelined and functionally pipelined data-paths. The scheduling problem refers to the assignment of a supply voltage level (selected from a xed and known number of voltage levels) to each operation in a data ow graph so as to minimize the average energy consumption for given computation time or throughput constraints or both. The energy model is accurate and accounts for the input pattern dependencies, re-convergent fanout induced dependencies, and the energy cost of level shifters. Experimental results show that using three supply voltage levels on a number of standard benchmarks, an average energy saving of 40.19% (with a computation time constraint of 1.5 times the critical path delay) can be obtained compared to using a single supply voltage level.