## A Bi-Categorical Axiomatisation of Concurrent Graph Rewriting (1999)

Citations: | 18 - 10 self |

### BibTeX

@MISC{Gadducci99abi-categorical,

author = {Fabio Gadducci and Reiko Heckel and Mercé Llabrés},

title = {A Bi-Categorical Axiomatisation of Concurrent Graph Rewriting},

year = {1999}

}

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### OpenURL

### Abstract

In this paper the concurrent semantics of double-pushout (DPO) graph rewriting, which is classically defined in terms of shift-equivalence classes of graph derivations, is axiomatised via the construction of a free monoidal bi-category. In contrast to a previous attempt based on 2-categories, the use of bi-categories allows to define rewriting on concrete graphs. Thus, the problem of composition of isomorphism classes of rewriting sequences is avoided. Moreover, as a first step towards the recovery of the full expressive power of the formalism via a purely algebraic description, the concept of disconnected rules is introduced, i.e., rules whose interface graphs are made of disconnected nodes and edges only. It is proved that, under reasonable assumptions, rewriting via disconnected rules enjoys similar concurrency properties like in the classical approach.