## Complexity and Algorithms for Reasoning About Time: A Graph-Theoretic Approach (1992)

Citations: | 90 - 11 self |

### BibTeX

@MISC{Golumbic92complexityand,

author = {Martin Charles Golumbic and Ron Shamir},

title = {Complexity and Algorithms for Reasoning About Time: A Graph-Theoretic Approach},

year = {1992}

}

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### Abstract

Temporal events are regarded here as intervals on a time line. This paper deals with problems in reasoning about such intervals when the precise topological relationship between them is unknown or only partially specified. This work unifies notions of interval algebras in artificial intelligence with those of interval orders and interval graphs in combinatorics. The satisfiability, minimal labeling, all solutions and all realizations problems are considered for temporal (interval) data. Several versions are investigated by restricting the possible interval relationships yielding different complexity results. We show that even when the temporal data comprises of subsets of relations based on intersection and precedence only, the satisfiability question is NP-complete. On the positive side, we give efficient algorithms for several restrictions of the problem. In the process, the interval graph sandwich problem is introduced, and is shown to be NP-complete. This problem is als...