## When trees collide: An approximation algorithm for the generalized Steiner problem on networks (1994)

Citations: | 217 - 31 self |

### BibTeX

@MISC{Agrawal94whentrees,

author = {Ajit Agrawal and Philip Klein and R. Ravi},

title = {When trees collide: An approximation algorithm for the generalized Steiner problem on networks},

year = {1994}

}

### Years of Citing Articles

### OpenURL

### Abstract

We give the first approximation algorithm for the generalized network Steiner problem, a problem in network design. An instance consists of a network with link-costs and, for each pair fi; jg of nodes, an edge-connectivity requirement r ij . The goal is to find a minimum-cost network using the available links and satisfying the requirements. Our algorithm outputs a solution whose cost is within 2dlog 2 (r + 1)e of optimal, where r is the highest requirement value. In the course of proving the performance guarantee, we prove a combinatorial min-max approximate equality relating minimum-cost networks to maximum packings of certain kinds of cuts. As a consequence of the proof of this theorem, we obtain an approximation algorithm for optimally packing these cuts; we show that this algorithm has application to estimating the reliability of a probabilistic network.