## Probabilistic Models in Information Retrieval (1992)

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Venue: | The Computer Journal |

Citations: | 104 - 4 self |

### BibTeX

@ARTICLE{Fuhr92probabilisticmodels,

author = {Norbert Fuhr},

title = {Probabilistic Models in Information Retrieval},

journal = {The Computer Journal},

year = {1992},

volume = {35},

pages = {243--255}

}

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### Abstract

In this paper, an introduction and survey over probabilistic information retrieval (IR) is given. First, the basic concepts of this approach are described: the probability ranking principle shows that optimum retrieval quality can be achieved under certain assumptions; a conceptual model for IR along with the corresponding event space clarify the interpretation of the probabilistic parameters involved. For the estimation of these parameters, three different learning strategies are distinguished, namely query-related, document-related and description-related learning. As a representative for each of these strategies, a specific model is described. A new approach regards IR as uncertain inference; here, imaging is used as a new technique for estimating the probabilistic parameters, and probabilistic inference networks support more complex forms of inference. Finally, the more general problems of parameter estimation, query expansion and the development of models for advanced document representations are discussed.