## Topological Queries in Spatial Databases (1996)

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Venue: | Journal of Computer and System Sciences |

Citations: | 44 - 2 self |

### BibTeX

@INPROCEEDINGS{Papadimitriou96topologicalqueries,

author = {C.H. Papadimitriou and D. Suciu and V. Vianu},

title = {Topological Queries in Spatial Databases},

booktitle = {Journal of Computer and System Sciences},

year = {1996},

pages = {81--92},

publisher = {ACM Press}

}

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### Abstract

We study topological queries over two-dimensional spatial databases. First, we show that the topological properties of semi-algebraic spatial regions can be completely specified using a classical finite structure, essentially the embedded planar graph of the region boundaries. This provides an invariant characterizing semi-algebraic regions up to homeomorphism. All topological queries on semi-algebraic regions can be answered by queries on the invariant whose complexity is polynomially related to the original. Also, we show that for the purpose of answering topological queries, semi-algebraic regions can always be represented simply as polygonal regions. We then study query languages for topological properties of two-dimensional spatial databases, starting from the topological relationships between pairs of planar regions introduced by Egenhofer. We show that the closure of these relationships under appropriate logical operators yields languages which are complete for topological prope...