## The Fundamental matrix: theory, algorithms, and stability analysis (1995)

Venue: | International Journal of Computer Vision |

Citations: | 232 - 14 self |

### BibTeX

@ARTICLE{Luong95thefundamental,

author = {Q.-T. Luong and O.D. Faugeras},

title = {The Fundamental matrix: theory, algorithms, and stability analysis},

journal = {International Journal of Computer Vision},

year = {1995},

volume = {17},

pages = {43--75}

}

### Years of Citing Articles

### OpenURL

### Abstract

In this paper we analyze in some detail the geometry of a pair of cameras, i.e. a stereo rig. Contrarily to what has been done in the past and is still done currently, for example in stereo or motion analysis, we do not assume that the intrinsic parameters of the cameras are known (coordinates of the principal points, pixels aspect ratio and focal lengths). This is important for two reasons. First, it is more realistic in applications where these parameters may vary according to the task (active vision). Second, the general case considered here, captures all the relevant information that is necessary for establishing correspondences between two pairs of images. This information is fundamentally projective and is hidden in a confusing manner in the commonly used formalism of the Essential matrix introduced by Longuet-Higgins [40]. This paper clarifies the projective nature of the correspondence problem in stereo and shows that the epipolar geometry can be summarized in one 3 \Theta 3 ma...