## Chain Graph Models and their Causal Interpretations (2001)

Venue: | B |

Citations: | 48 - 4 self |

### BibTeX

@ARTICLE{Lauritzen01chaingraph,

author = {Steffen L. Lauritzen and Thomas S. Richardson},

title = {Chain Graph Models and their Causal Interpretations},

journal = {B},

year = {2001},

volume = {64},

pages = {321--361}

}

### Years of Citing Articles

### OpenURL

### Abstract

Chain graphs are a natural generalization of directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) and undirected graphs. However, the apparent simplicity of chain graphs belies the subtlety of the conditional independence hypotheses that they represent. There are a number of simple and apparently plausible, but ultimately fallacious interpretations of chain graphs that are often invoked, implicitly or explicitly. These interpretations also lead to awed methods for applying background knowledge to model selection. We present a valid interpretation by showing how the distribution corresponding to a chain graph may be generated as the equilibrium distribution of dynamic models with feedback. These dynamic interpretations lead to a simple theory of intervention, extending the theory developed for DAGs. Finally, we contrast chain graph models under this interpretation with simultaneous equation models which have traditionally been used to model feedback in econometrics. Keywords: Causal model; cha...