## Some issues related to double roundings (2011)

### BibTeX

@MISC{Martin-dorel11someissues,

author = {Érik Martin-dorel and Guillaume Melquiond and Jean-michel Muller},

title = {Some issues related to double roundings},

year = {2011}

}

### OpenURL

### Abstract

Double rounding is a phenomenon that may occur when different floating-point precisions are available on a same system, or when performing scaled operations whose final result is subnormal. Although double rounding is, in general, innocuous, it may change the behavior of some useful small floating-point algorithms. We analyze the potential influence of double roundings on the Fast2Sum and 2Sum algorithms, on some summation algorithms, and Veltkamp’s splitting. We also show how to handle possible double roundings when performing scaled Newton-Raphson division iterations (to avoid possible underflow problems).