## Improved Approximation Algorithms for the Vertex Cover Problem in Graphs and Hypergraphs (1999)

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### BibTeX

@MISC{Halperin99improvedapproximation,

author = {Eran Halperin},

title = {Improved Approximation Algorithms for the Vertex Cover Problem in Graphs and Hypergraphs},

year = {1999}

}

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### Abstract

We obtain improved algorithms for finding small vertex covers in bounded degree graphs and hypergraphs. We use semidefinite programming to relax the problems, and introduce new rounding techniques for these relaxations. On graphs with maximum degree at most Δ, the algorithm achieves a performance ratio of 2 - (1 - o(1)) 2 ln ln \Delta ln \Delta for large \Delta, which improves the previously known ratio of 2 \Gamma log \Delta+O(1) \Delta obtained by Halldórsson and Radhakrishnan. Using similar techniques, we also present improved approximations for the vertex cover problem in hypergraphs. For k-uniform hypergraphs with n vertices, we achieve a ratio of k \Gamma (1 \Gamma o(1)) k ln ln n ln n for large n, and for k-uniform hypergraphs with maximum degree at most \Delta, the algorithm achieves a ratio of k \Gamma (1 \Gamma o(1)) k(k\Gamma1) ln ln \Delta ln \Delta for large \Delta. These results considerably improve the previous best ratio of k(1\Gammac=\Delta 1 k\Gamma1 ) for bounded degree k-uniform hypergraphs, and k(1 \Gamma c=n k\Gamma1 k ) for general k-uniform hypergraphs, both obtained by Krivelevich. Using similar techniques, we also obtain an approximation algorithm for the weighted independent set problem, matching a recent result of Halldórsson.