## Asset Price Bubbles in Complete Markets

Citations: | 15 - 4 self |

### BibTeX

@MISC{Jarrow_assetprice,

author = {Robert A. Jarrow and Philip Protter and Kazuhiro Shimbo},

title = { Asset Price Bubbles in Complete Markets},

year = {}

}

### OpenURL

### Abstract

This paper reviews and extends the mathematical finance literature on bubbles in complete markets. We provide a new characterization theorem for bubbles under the standard no arbitrage (NFLVR) framework, showing that bubbles can be of three types. Type 1 bubbles are uniformly integrable martingales, and these can exist with an infinite lifetime. Type 2 bubbles are non-uniformly integrable martingales, and these can exist for a finite, but unbounded, lifetime. Last, type 3 bubbles are strict local martingales, and these can exist for a finite lifetime only. When one adds a no dominance assumption (from Merton [24]), only type 1 bubbles remain. In addition, under Merton’s no dominance hypothesis, put-call parity holds and there are no bubbles in standard call and put options. Our analysis implies that if one believes asset price bubbles exist and are an important economic phenomena, then asset markets must be incomplete.