## Efficient Implementation of Weighted ENO Schemes (1995)

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@MISC{Jiang95efficientimplementation,

author = {Guang-shan Jiang and Chi-wang Shu},

title = {Efficient Implementation of Weighted ENO Schemes },

year = {1995}

}

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### Abstract

In this paper, we further analyze, test, modify and improve the high order WENO (weighted essentially non-oscillatory) finite difference schemes of Liu, Osher and Chan [9]. It was shown by Liu et al. that WENO schemes constructed from the r th order (in L¹ norm) ENO schemes are (r +1) th order accurate. We propose a new way of measuring the smoothness of a numerical solution, emulating the idea of minimizing the total variation of the approximation, which results in a 5th order WENO scheme for the case r = 3, instead of the 4th order with the original smoothness measurement by Liu et al. This 5 th order WENO scheme is as fast as the 4 th order WENO scheme of Liu et al. and, both schemes are about twice as fast as the 4th order ENO schemes on vector supercomputers and as fast on serial and parallel computers. For Euler systems of gas dynamics, we suggest to compute the weights from pressure and entropy instead of the characteristic values to simplify the costly characteristic procedure. The resulting WENO schemes are about twice as fast as the WENO schemes using the characteristic decompositions to compute weights, and work well for problems which donot contain strong shocks or strong reflected waves. We also prove that, for conservation laws with smooth solutions, all WENO schemes are convergent. Many numerical tests, including the 1D steady state nozzle flow problem and 2D shock entropy waveinteraction problem, are presented to demonstrate the remarkable capability of the WENO schemes, especially the WENO scheme using the new smoothness measurement, in resolving complicated shock and flow structures. We have also applied Yang's artificial compression method to the WENO schemes to sharpen contact discontinuities.