## ARTICLE IN PRESS Computers in Biology and Medicine ( ) – (2003)

### BibTeX

@MISC{03articlein,

author = {},

title = {ARTICLE IN PRESS Computers in Biology and Medicine ( ) –},

year = {2003}

}

### OpenURL

### Abstract

www.elsevierhealth.com/locate/compbiomed Interactive 3D segmentation using connected orthogonal contours P.W. de Bruin a, V.J. Dercksen a, F.H. Post a; ∗ , A.M. Vossepoel b;c, G.J. Streekstra e, F.M. Vos b;d

### Citations

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Citation Context ...] and edge detection [12] from medical image processing, cross-sectionalARTICLE IN PRESS P.W. de Bruin et al. / Computers in Biology and Medicine ( ) – 3 design [6,13,14] and 3D modelling techniques =-=[7,15]-=- as used in geometric modelling for engineering design. Other research on interactive segmentation can be found in [1,2,8]. Several software packages are available for interactive surface extraction [... |

161 |
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Citation Context ...anual and semi-automatic segmentation methods usually operate in 2D [1,2]. After a shape is outlined by a set of contours in a stack of 2D images, a 3D shape is constructed by connecting the contours =-=[3,4]-=-. A drawback of such methods is that it is tedious work to construct each contour. In addition, it is not trivial to determine the contour–to–contour correspondence (see Figs. 1(a) and (b)). Finally, ... |

122 |
Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice, second edition
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Citation Context ... spline at a user-indicated position. The latter ensures a smooth transition from one spline segment to the next. Splines are scan converted to the underlying voxel grid using a subdivision algorithm =-=[19]-=-. Each evaluated spline point is given a unique ID that corresponds to the voxel in which it is located. An evaluated spline point is always placed at the centre of the voxel and each voxel contains o... |

108 | M.: Geometrically deformed models: A method for extracting closed geometric models from volume data - Miller, Breen, et al. - 1991 |

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95 | Dynamic NURBS with Geometric Constraints for Interactive Sculpting
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Citation Context ...] and edge detection [12] from medical image processing, cross-sectionalARTICLE IN PRESS P.W. de Bruin et al. / Computers in Biology and Medicine ( ) – 3 design [6,13,14] and 3D modelling techniques =-=[7,15]-=- as used in geometric modelling for engineering design. Other research on interactive segmentation can be found in [1,2,8]. Several software packages are available for interactive surface extraction [... |

89 |
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Citation Context ...ient incurs by X-ray imaging. By doing so, the images may not always contain the required detail for automatic segmentation. Fully manual and semi-automatic segmentation methods usually operate in 2D =-=[1,2]-=-. After a shape is outlined by a set of contours in a stack of 2D images, a 3D shape is constructed by connecting the contours [3,4]. A drawback of such methods is that it is tedious work to construct... |

60 |
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Citation Context ...(3) The interpolation function I determines the location of points between control points. For fast evaluation, a straight line is used. For the generation of smooth curves we use Catmull–Rom splines =-=[18]-=-. This spline has two features that make it suitable for our application: the spline passes through the control points and it has C1 continuity at the control points. The former makes it easy to exact... |

47 |
A triangulation algorithm from arbitrary shaped multiple planar contours
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Citation Context ...anual and semi-automatic segmentation methods usually operate in 2D [1,2]. After a shape is outlined by a set of contours in a stack of 2D images, a 3D shape is constructed by connecting the contours =-=[3,4]-=-. A drawback of such methods is that it is tedious work to construct each contour. In addition, it is not trivial to determine the contour–to–contour correspondence (see Figs. 1(a) and (b)). Finally, ... |

37 |
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Citation Context ...ced in three orthogonal views of the data. 2. Related work Our interactive segmentation method combines techniques from very di erent elds: serial section reconstruction [3,4,9–11] and edge detection =-=[12]-=- from medical image processing, cross-sectionalARTICLE IN PRESS P.W. de Bruin et al. / Computers in Biology and Medicine ( ) – 3 design [6,13,14] and 3D modelling techniques [7,15] as used in geometr... |

37 |
Lorensen,B.: The Visualization Toolkit, 2 nd Edition
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Citation Context ...o, the control point can be moved through the plane and the automatically generated points form distinct coplanar contours. 3.6. Interaction The method was implemented using the Visualisation ToolKit =-=[21]-=- and Python [22]. Our implementation will be made available online 1 in the near future. The application runs interactively on a standard PC. Fig. 10 shows a screenshot of our implementation. Colour i... |

35 |
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Citation Context ...For visualisation purposes, a polygon mesh is generated from the linked contours by identifying all polygons enclosed by contour segments. Each polygon is then triangulated using a standard algorithm =-=[20]-=-. 3.3. Model shape manipulation By moving control points the shape model can be adapted to t a desired object. This manipulation is made considerably easier by the planarity of the contours. Maintaini... |

15 |
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Citation Context ...erial section reconstruction [3,4,9–11] and edge detection [12] from medical image processing, cross-sectionalARTICLE IN PRESS P.W. de Bruin et al. / Computers in Biology and Medicine ( ) – 3 design =-=[6,13,14]-=- and 3D modelling techniques [7,15] as used in geometric modelling for engineering design. Other research on interactive segmentation can be found in [1,2,8]. Several software packages are available f... |

5 |
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Citation Context ...ient incurs by X-ray imaging. By doing so, the images may not always contain the required detail for automatic segmentation. Fully manual and semi-automatic segmentation methods usually operate in 2D =-=[1,2]-=-. After a shape is outlined by a set of contours in a stack of 2D images, a 3D shape is constructed by connecting the contours [3,4]. A drawback of such methods is that it is tedious work to construct... |

5 |
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Citation Context ...s in Biology and Medicine ( ) – 3 design [6,13,14] and 3D modelling techniques [7,15] as used in geometric modelling for engineering design. Other research on interactive segmentation can be found in =-=[1,2,8]-=-. Several software packages are available for interactive surface extraction [16,17]. All these methods have certain restrictions that make them less useful for our application. For example, all the m... |

5 | History consideration in reconstructing polyhedral surfaces from parallel slices - Barequet, Shapiro, et al. - 1996 |

4 | Cross-sectional design: A tool for computer graphics and computer-aided design courses
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Citation Context ...erial section reconstruction [3,4,9–11] and edge detection [12] from medical image processing, cross-sectionalARTICLE IN PRESS P.W. de Bruin et al. / Computers in Biology and Medicine ( ) – 3 design =-=[6,13,14]-=- and 3D modelling techniques [7,15] as used in geometric modelling for engineering design. Other research on interactive segmentation can be found in [1,2,8]. Several software packages are available f... |

3 |
Cross-sectional design with boundary constraints, Engineering With Computers 15 (2
- Piegl, Tiller
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Citation Context ...erial section reconstruction [3,4,9–11] and edge detection [12] from medical image processing, cross-sectionalARTICLE IN PRESS P.W. de Bruin et al. / Computers in Biology and Medicine ( ) – 3 design =-=[6,13,14]-=- and 3D modelling techniques [7,15] as used in geometric modelling for engineering design. Other research on interactive segmentation can be found in [1,2,8]. Several software packages are available f... |

3 | Accurate and high quality triangle models from 3D grey scale images
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Citation Context ...tion methods. Any 2D or 3D method that can calculate a new position for a control point can be applied. For example, we have added to the application an adapted version of an edge-detection algorithm =-=[23]-=- that searches in the direction of movement of a control point for the nearest maximum of the modulus of the gradient. By doing so, the manual segmentation process can be sped up by moving control poi... |