## Monstrous moonshine and monstrous Lie superalgebras (1992)

Venue: | INVENT. MATH |

Citations: | 110 - 0 self |

### BibTeX

@ARTICLE{Borcherds92monstrousmoonshine,

author = {Richard E. Borcherds},

title = {Monstrous moonshine and monstrous Lie superalgebras },

journal = {INVENT. MATH},

year = {1992},

volume = {109}

}

### OpenURL

### Abstract

We prove Conway and Norton’s moonshine conjectures for the infinite dimensional representation of the monster simple group constructed by Frenkel, Lepowsky and Meurman. To do this we use the no-ghost theorem from string theory to construct a family of generalized Kac-Moody superalgebras of rank 2, which are closely related to the monster and several of the other sporadic simple groups. The denominator formulas of these superalgebras imply relations between the Thompson functions of elements of the monster (i.e. the traces of elements of the monster on Frenkel, Lepowsky, and Meurman’s representation), which are the replication formulas conjectured by Conway and Norton. These replication formulas are strong enough to verify that the Thompson functions have most of the “moonshine ” properties conjectured by Conway and Norton, and in particular they are modular functions of genus 0. We also construct a second family of Kac-Moody superalgebras related to elements of Conway’s sporadic simple group Co1. These superalgebras have even rank between 2 and 26; for example two of the Lie algebras we get have ranks 26 and 18, and one of the superalgebras has rank 10. The denominator formulas of these algebras give some new infinite product identities, in the same way that the denominator