## Twisting all the way: from Classical Mechanics to Quantum Fields (2007)

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Citations: | 20 - 7 self |

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@MISC{Aschieri07twistingall,

author = {Paolo Aschieri and Fedele Lizzi and Patrizia Vitale},

title = {Twisting all the way: from Classical Mechanics to Quantum Fields},

year = {2007}

}

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### Abstract

We discuss the effects that a noncommutative geometry induced by a Drinfeld twist has on physical theories. We systematically deform all products and symmetries of the theory. We discuss noncommutative classical mechanics, in particular its deformed Poisson bracket and hence time evolution and symmetries. The twisting is then extended to classical fields, and then to the main interest of this work: quantum fields. This leads to a geometric formulation of quantization on noncommutative spacetime, i.e. we establish a noncommutative correspondence principle from ⋆-Poisson brackets to ⋆-commutators. In particular commutation relations

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Citation Context ...t widely studied form of noncommutativity is the one for which the quantity Θ µν of (1.1) is a constant. This noncommutativity is obtained trought the Grönewold-Moyal-Weyl ⋆-product (for a review see =-=[29]-=-). The product between functions (fields) is given by (f ⋆ h)(x) = exp ( i ∂ θµν 2 ∂x µ ∂ ∂y ν ) f(x)h(y) ∣ ∣ x=y (1.2) with the θ µν -matrix constant and antisymmetric. In particular the coordinates ... |

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Citation Context ...� or c. Since the commutator x µ ⋆ x ν − x ν ⋆ x µ in (1.3) is not Lorentz invariant, the usual notion of Poincaré symmetry is lost. However there is still a symmetry, due to a twisted Poincaré group =-=[32, 33, 34, 35]-=-, a quantum Poincaré Lie algebra and Lie group invariance that implies that fields on noncommutative space are organized according to the same particle representations as in commutative space. We adop... |

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Citation Context ...ly normalized. In general an element F of UΞ⊗UΞ is a twist if it is invertible, satisfies a cocycle condition and is properly normalized [37] (see [18, 17] for a short introduction; see also the book =-=[38]-=-). The cocycle and the normalization conditions imply associativity of the ⋆-product and the normalization h⋆1 = 1⋆h = h. 42.1 Vectorfields and Tensorfields We now use the twist to deform the spaceti... |

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Citation Context ...ent canonical commutation relations have been considered in the literature [20]-[28]. We here frame this issue in a geometric context and address it by further developing the twist techniques used in =-=[17, 16, 18]-=- in order to formulate a noncommutative gravity theory. We see how noncommutative spacetime induces a noncommutative phase space geometry, equipped with a deformed Poisson bracket. This leads to canon... |

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Citation Context ...ent canonical commutation relations have been considered in the literature [20]-[28]. We here frame this issue in a geometric context and address it by further developing the twist techniques used in =-=[17, 16, 18]-=- in order to formulate a noncommutative gravity theory. We see how noncommutative spacetime induces a noncommutative phase space geometry, equipped with a deformed Poisson bracket. This leads to canon... |

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Citation Context ...re, and it has been proposed that it be described by a Noncommutative Geometry [3, 4, 5]. This line of thought has been pursued since the early days of Quantum Mechanics [6], and more recently in [7]-=-=[19]-=- (see also the recent review [20]). In this context two relevant issues are the formulation of General Relativity and the quantization of field theories on noncommutative spacetime. There are differen... |

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Citation Context ...ntization of field theories on noncommutative spacetime. There are different proposals for this second issue, and different canonical commutation relations have been considered in the literature [20]-=-=[28]-=-. We here frame this issue in a geometric context and address it by further developing the twist techniques used in [17, 16, 18] in order to formulate a noncommutative gravity theory. We see how nonco... |

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Citation Context ...� or c. Since the commutator x µ ⋆ x ν − x ν ⋆ x µ in (1.3) is not Lorentz invariant, the usual notion of Poincaré symmetry is lost. However there is still a symmetry, due to a twisted Poincaré group =-=[32, 33, 34, 35]-=-, a quantum Poincaré Lie algebra and Lie group invariance that implies that fields on noncommutative space are organized according to the same particle representations as in commutative space. We adop... |

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Citation Context ...finition of the R-matrix it can be easily verified that [ ˆ F, ˆ G]⋆ = ˆ F⋆ ˆ G − ¯ R α ( ˆ G)⋆ ¯ Rα( ˆ F) (5.7) which is indeed the ⋆-commutator in Â⋆. This ⋆-commutator (5.3) has been considered in =-=[25]-=- (and was introduced in [42]). We studied four algebras and brackets: (A, { , }), ( Â, [ , ]), (A⋆, { , }⋆), ( Â⋆, [ , ]⋆) . Canonical quantization on noncommutative space is the map �⋆ in the diagram... |

20 |
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Citation Context ...� or c. Since the commutator x µ ⋆ x ν − x ν ⋆ x µ in (1.3) is not Lorentz invariant, the usual notion of Poincaré symmetry is lost. However there is still a symmetry, due to a twisted Poincaré group =-=[32, 33, 34, 35]-=-, a quantum Poincaré Lie algebra and Lie group invariance that implies that fields on noncommutative space are organized according to the same particle representations as in commutative space. We adop... |

19 |
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Citation Context ... it be described by a Noncommutative Geometry [3, 4, 5]. This line of thought has been pursued since the early days of Quantum Mechanics [6], and more recently in [7]-[18] (see also the recent review =-=[19]-=-). In this context two relevant issues are the formulation of General Relativity and the quantization of field theories on noncommutative spacetime. There are different proposals for this second issue... |

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Citation Context ...nymore, and it has been proposed that it be described by a Noncommutative Geometry [3, 4, 5]. This line of thought has been pursued since the early days of Quantum Mechanics [6], and more recently in =-=[7]-=--[18] (see also the recent review [19]). In this context two relevant issues are the formulation of General Relativity and the quantization of field theories on noncommutative spacetime. There are dif... |

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Citation Context ...r also from (5.13) and the quantum analogue of (4.21)), [â(k), â † (k ′ )]⋆ = (2π) d δ(k − k ′ ) . (5.15) In order to compare this expression with similar ones which have been found in the literature =-=[20, 21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 28]-=- it is useful to recall (5.7) and realize the action of the R-matrix. Since R = F −2 we obtain that (5.15) is equivalent to â(k) ⋆ â † (k ′ ) − e −iθij k ′ i kj â † (k ′ ) ⋆ â(k) = (2π) d δ(k − k ′ ) ... |

13 | Twists of Quantum Groups and Noncommutative Field Theory
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Citation Context ...r also from (5.13) and the quantum analogue of (4.21)), [â(k), â † (k ′ )]⋆ = (2π) d δ(k − k ′ ) . (5.15) In order to compare this expression with similar ones which have been found in the literature =-=[20, 21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 28]-=- it is useful to recall (5.7) and realize the action of the R-matrix. Since R = F −2 we obtain that (5.15) is equivalent to â(k) ⋆ â † (k ′ ) − e −iθij k ′ i kj â † (k ′ ) ⋆ â(k) = (2π) d δ(k − k ′ ) ... |

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Citation Context ...r also from (5.13) and the quantum analogue of (4.21)), [â(k), â † (k ′ )]⋆ = (2π) d δ(k − k ′ ) . (5.15) In order to compare this expression with similar ones which have been found in the literature =-=[20, 21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 28]-=- it is useful to recall (5.7) and realize the action of the R-matrix. Since R = F −2 we obtain that (5.15) is equivalent to â(k) ⋆ â † (k ′ ) − e −iθij k ′ i kj â † (k ′ ) ⋆ â(k) = (2π) d δ(k − k ′ ) ... |

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Citation Context ...Lie algebra Ξ⋆ we have constructed gives rise to the universal enveloping algebra UΞ⋆ of sums of products of vectorfields, with the identification u⋆v− ¯R α (v)⋆ ¯Rα(u) = [u, v]⋆ and coproduct (2.32) =-=[17, 18]-=-. The Hopf (or symmetry) algebras UΞF and UΞ⋆ are isomorphic. Therefore to some extent it is a matter of taste wich algebra one should use. We prefer UΞ⋆ becasue UΞ⋆ naturally arises from the general ... |

10 |
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Citation Context ... x ν − x ν ⋆ x µ = iθ µν . (1.3) 1There are two approaches to study the symmetries (e.g. Poincaré symmetry) of this noncommutative space. One can consider θ µν as a covariant tensor (see for example =-=[30, 31]-=-), then the Moyal product is fully covariant under Poincaré (indeed linear affine) transformations. Poincaré symmetry is spontaneously broken by the nonzero values θ µν . The other approach is to cons... |

8 |
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Citation Context ...ki space is not adequate anymore, and it has been proposed that it be described by a Noncommutative Geometry [3, 4, 5]. This line of thought has been pursued since the early days of Quantum Mechanics =-=[6]-=-, and more recently in [7]-[18] (see also the recent review [19]). In this context two relevant issues are the formulation of General Relativity and the quantization of field theories on noncommutativ... |

8 |
Noncommutative spacetime symmetries: Twist versus covariance, Phys
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Citation Context ... x ν − x ν ⋆ x µ = iθ µν . (1.3) 1There are two approaches to study the symmetries (e.g. Poincaré symmetry) of this noncommutative space. One can consider θ µν as a covariant tensor (see for example =-=[30, 31]-=-), then the Moyal product is fully covariant under Poincaré (indeed linear affine) transformations. Poincaré symmetry is spontaneously broken by the nonzero values θ µν . The other approach is to cons... |

8 | Ultraviolet finiteness of the averaged Hamiltonian on the noncommutative Minkowski space,” arXiv:hep-th/0405224
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Citation Context ...can be easily verified that [ ˆ F, ˆ G]⋆ = ˆ F⋆ ˆ G − ¯ R α ( ˆ G)⋆ ¯ Rα( ˆ F) (5.7) which is indeed the ⋆-commutator in Â⋆. This ⋆-commutator (5.3) has been considered in [25] (and was introduced in =-=[42]-=-). We studied four algebras and brackets: (A, { , }), ( Â, [ , ]), (A⋆, { , }⋆), ( Â⋆, [ , ]⋆) . Canonical quantization on noncommutative space is the map �⋆ in the diagram F A ⏐ ↓ � −−−→ bF Â ⏐ ↓ (5.... |

8 |
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Citation Context ... the action of the R-matrix. Since R = F −2 we obtain that (5.15) is equivalent to â(k) ⋆ â † (k ′ ) − e −iθij k ′ i kj â † (k ′ ) ⋆ â(k) = (2π) d δ(k − k ′ ) . (5.16) This relation first appeared in =-=[44]-=-. In the noncommutative QFT context it appears in [28], [27], and implicitly in [26] (it is also contemplated in [29] as a second option). On the other hand [22, 23, 24, 29], starting from a different... |

7 |
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Citation Context ...Ξ = Ξ⋆, but Ξ⋆ is a ⋆-Lie algebra. We stress that a ⋆-Lie algebra is not a generic name for a deformation of a Lie algebra. Rather it is a quantum Lie algebra of a quantum (symmetry) group [38], (see =-=[39]-=- for a short introduction and further references). In this respect the deformed Leibniz rule (2.31), that states that only vectorfields (or the identity) can act on the second argument g in h⋆g (no hi... |

6 |
Spacetime and fields, a quantum texture," [arXiv:hep-th/0105251]. [3] A. Connes, Noncommutative Geometry
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Citation Context ... failure of the classical spacetime picture at high energy scales comes from the attempt of conjugating the principles of Quantum Mechanics with those of General Relativity (see [1], and for a review =-=[2]-=-). If one tries to locate an event with a spatial accuracy comparable with the Planck length, spacetime uncertainty relations necessarily emerge. In total analogy with Quantum Mechanics, uncertainty r... |

6 |
Deformed Gauge Theories
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- 608
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...algebra of functions on Rd and the algebra (4.1) become noncommutative with noncommutativity given by i ∂ ∂ − θij the twist (2.2), F = e 2 ∂xi ⊗ ∂x j . The twist lifts to the algebra A of functionals =-=[41]-=- so that this latter too becomes noncommutative. This is achieved by lifting to A the action of the partial derivatives ∂ ∂xi. Explicitly ∂i is lifted to ∂∗ i acting on A as, ∂ ∗ ∫ i G := − d d x ∂iΦ(... |

4 | Noncommutative Quantum Gravity - Moffat - 2000 |

4 | Deforming Einstein’s Gravity - Chamseddine - 2001 |

3 | 2+1 Einstein Gravity as a Deformed Chern-Simons Theory - Bimonte, Musto, et al. |

2 |
Statistics and quantum group symmetries, [arXiv:hepth/9605133]. Published in Quantum groups and quantum spaces
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Citation Context ...e quantization of field theories on noncommutative spacetime. There are different proposals for this second issue, and different canonical commutation relations have been considered in the literature =-=[20]-=--[28]. We here frame this issue in a geometric context and address it by further developing the twist techniques used in [17, 16, 18] in order to formulate a noncommutative gravity theory. We see how ... |

2 | particles and quantum symmetries,” Nucl - “Identical - 1996 |

1 |
Dynamical symmetries in q deformed quantum mechanics
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Citation Context ...lex conjugates of (3.63). We find also interesting to study deformations H⋆ of the harmonic oscillator Hamiltonian that admit the undeformed angular momentum L as constant of motion. The aim, like in =-=[40]-=-, is to consider new dynamical systems that may be highly nontrivial if thought in commutative space (the equation of motion (3.49) or (3.59) can just be seen as a partial differential equation on com... |

1 |
Comments on noncommutative gravity,” Nucl. Phys. B 753 (2006) 92 [arXiv:hep-th/0605113]. 31
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(Show Context)
Citation Context ... x ν − x ν ⋆ x µ = iθ µν . (1.3) 1There are two approaches to study the symmetries (e.g. Poincaré symmetry) of this noncommutative space. One can consider θ µν as a covariant tensor (see for example =-=[31, 32]-=-), then the Moyal product is fully covariant under Poincaré (indeed linear affine) transformations. Poincaré symmetry is spontaneously broken by the nonzero values θ µν . The other approach is to cons... |