## Gravity Waves in a Horizontal Shear Flow. Part II: Interaction between Gravity Waves and Potential Vorticity Perturbations (2007)

Citations: | 2 - 1 self |

### BibTeX

@MISC{Bakas07gravitywaves,

author = {Nikolaos A. Bakas and Brian and F. Farrell},

title = {Gravity Waves in a Horizontal Shear Flow. Part II: Interaction between Gravity Waves and Potential Vorticity Perturbations},

year = {2007}

}

### OpenURL

### Abstract

Interaction among potential vorticity perturbations and propagating internal gravity waves in a horizontally sheared zonal flow is investigated. In the strong stratification limit, an initial vorticity perturbation weakly excites two propagating gravity waves while the density component of the potential vorticity perturbation is significantly amplified, potentially leading to convective collapse. If stratification is sufficiently weak, a strong coupling between vorticity perturbations and gravity waves is found and spontaneous gravity wave generation occurs. This coupling can be traced to the nonnormal interaction between the potential vorticity and gravity wave manifolds in the weak stratification limit. Vorticity perturbations amplify in energy due to downgradient Reynolds stress when their phase lines tilt against the shear and the large growth attained is transferred to propagating gravity waves. When the flow geometry is such that the excited gravity waves are confined in the vicinity of the vorticity perturbation by their trapping levels, an overall convective collapse of this region can be anticipated. On the other hand, when the flow geometry permits wave propagation, significant gravity wave emission occurs. 1.

### Citations

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Citation Context ...at time t 5 l/k. As in the case of sheared disturbances on the f plane (Vanneste and Yavneh 2004), spontaneous generation of these gravity waves can be analyzed as an instance of a Stokes phenomenon (=-=Olver 1974-=-) in which the subdominant solution (waves) is switched on by the dominant solution (potential vorticity perturbation) when time crosses a Stokes line. To determine the leadingorder approximation to t... |

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Citation Context ...nearized, sheared disturbances on an f plane that inertia–gravity waves were spontaneously generated by balanced initial conditions and that this could be analyzed as a Stokes phenomenon (Olver 1974; =-=Berry 1989-=-): the subdominant homogeneous solution was excited by the dominant, oscillation-free, inhomogeneous solution when time t crossed a Stokes line. The Stokes line arose from singularities of the asympto... |

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Citation Context ...en intensively studied because the internal wave field is ubiquitous in the ocean and also because of the role of internal wave energy generation and dissipation in the large-scale ocean circulation (=-=Kuhlbrodt et al. 2007-=-). In Part I of this work (Bakas and Farrell 2009, hereafter Part I), we studied the evolution of small perturbations superposed on a stably stratified horizontal shear flow, focusing on the role of t... |

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Citation Context ...e low frequency compared to the internal wave frequency, the generated waves have an amplitude that is exponentially small in Rossby number. In this work, we perform a generalized stability analysis (=-=Farrell and Ioannou 1996-=-) of a linear threedimensional stably stratified model with a constant Brunt–Väisälä frequency and a meridional shear flow making use of closed-form asymptotic solutions. Our purpose is to clarify the... |

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Citation Context ...Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, Athens, Greece. E-mail: nikos.bakas@gmail.com Spontaneous generation of gravity waves has been studied previously in theoretical investigations of shallowwater equations (=-=Ford 1994-=-; Ford et al. 2000; Plougonven and Zeitlin 2002), of sheared disturbances on an f plane (McWilliams and Yavneh 1998; Vanneste and Yavneh 2004; Kalashnik et al. 2006), and of Lorenz’s fivecomponent mod... |

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5 |
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