## Bidirectional classical stochastic processes with measurements and feedback (2006)

by
G. E. Hahne

by
G. E. Hahne

@MISC{Hahne06bidirectionalclassical,

author = {G. E. Hahne},

title = {Bidirectional classical stochastic processes with measurements and feedback},

year = {2006}

}

A measurement on a quantum system is said to cause the “collapse” of the quantum state vector or density matrix. An analogous collapse occurs with measurements on a classical stochastic process. This paper addresses the question of describing the response of a classical stochastic process when there is feedback from the output of a measurement to the input, and is intended to give a simplified model for quantum-mechanical processes that occur along a space-like reaction coordinate. The classical system can be thought of in physical terms as two counterflowing probability streams, which stochastically exchange probability currents in a way that the net probability current, and hence the overall probability, suitably interpreted, is conserved. The proposed formalism extends the mathematics of those stochastic processes describable with linear, singlestep, unidirectional transition probabilities, known as Markov chains and stochastic matrices. It is shown that a certain rearrangement and combination of the input and output of two stochastic matrices of the same order yields another matrix of the same type. Each measurement causes the partial collapse of the probability current distribution in the midst of such a process, giving rise to calculable, but non-Markov, values for the ensuing modification of the system’s output probability distribution. The paper concludes with an analysis of a simple classical probabilistic version of a so-called grandfather paradox. 1

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