## An asymptotic theory for Cauchy-Euler differential equations with applications to the analysis of algorithms (2002)

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### BibTeX

@MISC{Chern02anasymptotic,

author = {Hua-huai Chern and Hsien-Kuei Hwang and Tsung-hsi Tsai},

title = {An asymptotic theory for Cauchy-Euler differential equations with applications to the analysis of algorithms},

year = {2002}

}

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### Abstract

Cauchy-Euler differential equations surfaced naturally in a number of sorting and searching problems, notably in quicksort and binary search trees and their variations. Asymptotics of coefficients of functions satisfying such equations has been studied for several special cases in the literature. We study in this paper the most general framework for Cauchy-Euler equations and propose an asymptotic theory that covers almost all applications where Cauchy-Euler equations appear. Our approach is very general and requires almost no background on differential equations. Indeed the whole theory can be stated in terms of recurrences instead of functions. Old and new applications of the theory are given. New phase changes of limit laws of new variations of quicksort are systematically derived. We apply our theory to about a dozen of diverse examples in quicksort, binary search trees, urn models, increasing trees, etc.