## Fading correlation and its effect on the capacity of multielement antenna systems (2000)

Venue: | IEEE Trans. Commun |

Citations: | 384 - 4 self |

### BibTeX

@ARTICLE{Shiu00fadingcorrelation,

author = {Da-shan Shiu and Gerard J. Foschini and Michael J. Gans and Joseph M. Kahn and Senior Member},

title = {Fading correlation and its effect on the capacity of multielement antenna systems},

journal = {IEEE Trans. Commun},

year = {2000},

volume = {48},

pages = {502--513}

}

### Years of Citing Articles

### OpenURL

### Abstract

Abstract—We investigate the effects of fading correlations in multielement antenna (MEA) communication systems. Pioneering studies showed that if the fades connecting pairs of transmit and receive antenna elements are independently, identically distributed, MEA’s offer a large increase in capacity compared to single-antenna systems. An MEA system can be described in terms of spatial eigenmodes, which are single-input single-output subchannels. The channel capacity of an MEA is the sum of capacities of these subchannels. We will show that the fading correlation affects the MEA capacity by modifying the distributions of the gains of these subchannels. The fading correlation depends on the physical parameters of MEA and the scatterer characteristics. In this paper, to characterize the fading correlation, we employ an abstract model, which is appropriate for modeling narrow-band Rayleigh fading in fixed wireless systems. I.

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