## Random Sampling in Matroids, with Applications to Graph Connectivity and Minimum Spanning Trees (1993)

Citations: | 14 - 4 self |

### BibTeX

@MISC{Karger93randomsampling,

author = {David R. Karger},

title = { Random Sampling in Matroids, with Applications to Graph Connectivity and Minimum Spanning Trees},

year = {1993}

}

### OpenURL

### Abstract

Random sampling is a powerful way to gather information about a group by considering only a small part of it. We give a paradigm for applying this technique to optimization problems, and demonstrate its effectiveness on matroids. Matroids abstractly model many optimization problems that can be solved by greedy methods, such as the minimum spanning tree (MST) problem. Our results have several applications. We give an algorithm that uses simple data structures to construct an MST in O(m+n logn) time (Klein and Tarjan [21] have recently shown that a better choice of parame-ters makes this algorithm run in O(m + n) time). We give bounds on the connectivity (minimum cut) of a graph suffering random edge failures. We give fast algorithms for packing matroid bases, with particular attention to packing spanning trees in graphs.