## A spectral algorithm for envelope reduction of sparse matrices (1993)

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Venue: | ACM/IEEE CONFERENCE ON SUPERCOMPUTING |

Citations: | 59 - 5 self |

### BibTeX

@INPROCEEDINGS{Barnard93aspectral,

author = {Stephen T. Barnard and Alex Pothen and Horst D. Simon},

title = {A spectral algorithm for envelope reduction of sparse matrices},

booktitle = {ACM/IEEE CONFERENCE ON SUPERCOMPUTING},

year = {1993},

pages = {493--502},

publisher = {ACM}

}

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### Abstract

The problem of reordering a sparse symmetric matrix to reduce its envelope size is considered. A new spectral algorithm for computing an envelope-reducing reordering is obtained by associating a Laplacian matrix with the given matrix and then sorting the components of a specified eigenvector of the Laplacian. This Laplacian eigenvector solves a continuous relaxation of a discrete problem related to envelope minimization called the minimum 2-sum problem. The permutation vector computed by the spectral algorithm is a closest permutation vector to the specified Laplacian eigenvector. Numerical results show that the new reordering algorithm usually computes smaller envelope sizes than those obtained from the current standards such as the Gibbs-Poole-Stockmeyer (GPS) algorithm or the reverse Cuthill-McKee (RCM) algorithm in SPARSPAK, in some cases reducing the envelope by more than a factor of two.