## Efficient algorithms for constructing (1 + ɛ, β)-spanners in the distributed and streaming models (2004)

Venue: | Distributed Computing |

Citations: | 20 - 6 self |

### BibTeX

@INPROCEEDINGS{Elkin04efficientalgorithms,

author = {Michael Elkin},

title = {Efficient algorithms for constructing (1 + ɛ, β)-spanners in the distributed and streaming models},

booktitle = {Distributed Computing},

year = {2004},

pages = {160--168}

}

### Years of Citing Articles

### OpenURL

### Abstract

For an unweighted undirected graph G = (V, E), and a pair of positive integers α ≥ 1, β ≥ 0, a subgraph G ′ = (V, H), H ⊆ E, is called an (α, β)-spanner of G if for every pair of vertices u, v ∈ V, distG ′(u, v) ≤ α · distG(u, v) + β. It was shown in [20] that for any ɛ> 0, κ = 1, 2,..., there exists an integer β = β(ɛ, κ) such that for every n-vertex graph G there exists a (1 + ɛ, β)-spanner G ′ with O(n 1+1/κ) edges. An efficient distributed protocol for constructing (1+ ɛ, β)-spanners was devised in [18]. The running time and the communication complexity of that protocol are O(n 1+ρ) and O(|E|n ρ), respectively, where ρ is an additional control parameter of the protocol that affects only the additive term β. In this paper we devise a protocol with a drastically improved running time (O(n ρ) as opposed to O(n 1+ρ)) for constructing (1 + ɛ, β)-spanners. Our protocol has the same communication complexity as the protocol of [18], and it constructs spanners with essentially the same properties as the spanners that are constructed by the protocol of [18]. We also show that our protocol for constructing (1+ɛ, β)spanners can be adapted to the streaming model, and devise a streaming algorithm that uses a constant number of passes and O(n 1+1/κ · log n) bits of space for computing allpairs-almost-shortest-paths of length at most by a multiplicative factor (1 + ɛ) and an additive term of β greater than the shortest paths. Our algorithm processes each edge in time O(n ρ), for an arbitrarily small ρ> 0. The only