## Matrices, vector spaces, and information retrieval (1999)

Venue: | SIAM Review |

Citations: | 108 - 1 self |

### BibTeX

@ARTICLE{Berry99matrices,vector,

author = {Michael W. Berry and Zlatko Drmač and Elizabeth and R. Jessup},

title = {Matrices, vector spaces, and information retrieval},

journal = {SIAM Review},

year = {1999},

volume = {41},

pages = {335--362}

}

### Years of Citing Articles

### OpenURL

### Abstract

Abstract. The evolution of digital libraries and the Internet has dramatically transformed the processing, storage, and retrieval of information. Efforts to digitize text, images, video, and audio now consume a substantial portion of both academic and industrial activity. Even when there is no shortage of textual materials on a particular topic, procedures for indexing or extracting the knowledge or conceptual information contained in them can be lacking. Recently developed information retrieval technologies are based on the concept of a vector space. Data are modeled as a matrix, and a user’s query of the database is represented as a vector. Relevant documents in the database are then identified via simple vector operations. Orthogonal factorizations of the matrix provide mechanisms for handling uncertainty in the database itself. The purpose of this paper is to show how such fundamental mathematical concepts from linear algebra can be used to manage and index large text collections. Key words. information retrieval, linear algebra, QR factorization, singular value decomposition, vector spaces