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## Cellular Automata and Artificial Intelligence (2004)

### Citations

455 | Generating fuzzy rules by learning from examples. - Wang, Mendel - 1992 |

270 | Cellular Automata Modeling of Physical Systems, - Chopard, Droz - 1998 |

109 |
Lattice gas hydrodynamics in two or three dimensions,
- Hasslacher, Lallemand, et al.
- 1987
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Citation Context ...t cells (object) andsneighbouring cells (objects). Global patterns emerge from these local interactions.sThe application of lattice-gas to simulating turbulent flow around an obstaeles(Wolfram, 1987; =-=Frisch, et al., 1987-=-) demonstrated the capability of cellular automatasto model complex hydrodynamic systems. The macroscopic averages of the latticegas approach can also lead to the Navier-Stokes equations like PDEs des... |

46 |
Twenty problems in the theory of cellular automata
- Wolfram
- 1985
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Citation Context ...lassified in detailsby Salem and Wolfram (1985), Frisch et al (1986), and Chopard and Droz (1998). Tosbriefly present the differenee, the modelling of fluid mechanics is used as an examples(Salem and =-=Wolfram, 1985-=-; Frisch, et al., 1986).sA tluid can be described at three levels; the molecular level at which motion,susually Hamiltonian, is reversible; the kinetie level, in the irreversible low-densitysBoltzmann... |

41 |
Effective lengths of intervals to improve forecasting in fuzzy time series. Fuzzy Sets and Systems,
- Huarng
- 2001
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Citation Context ... variable; (2) some other factors that in reality change the growth trendsbut were not taken into account. This drawback is nol serious, in particular when thestime interval A ; is effectively small (=-=Huarng, 2001-=-).sDespite the drawbacks, the model is acceplable for qualitative prediction (withoutsdefuzzification). The results are also promising even for quantitative prediction (withsdefuzzification), especial... |

40 | ECOHAB: The Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms, a national research agenda - Anderson - 1995 |

23 | Ecologic simulations for aquatic environments - W, Orlob - 1972 |

10 | Emergency of macro spatial structures in dissipative cellular automata - Roli, Zambonelli - 2002 |

2 |
Ftizzy and Neuro-Fuzzy Intelligence Systems. Physica-Verlag. ISBN: 37908-1289-7
- Czogala, Leski
- 2000
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Citation Context ... on topsof the cxperience of experts, it is very useful when P D E description becomes difficultsand data is liinited. Although fuzzy logic has been widely used in system controlss(Von Altrock, 1995; =-=Czogala and Leski, 2000-=-; L in , et al., 2001), the development ofsF L in ecohydraulics modelling is relatively slow (Salski and Sperlbaum, 1991;sJorgensen, 1994). Recent applications include fuzzy modelling of vegetationsd ... |

1 | Vegetation dynamies modelling: a method for coupling local and space dynamics - Aassine, Jaï - 2002 |

1 | A method for fuzzy rules extraction directly from numerical data and its application to pattern classification. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems 3: I8-2X - Technical, Aldershot, et al. - 1998 |

1 | Constant Quota Versus Constant Etïort Harvesting - Lindgren, J - 1996 |

1 | Individual-based Modelling of Aquatic - Environmental, Economies - 1996 |

1 |
Coupling of scales in llnite state cellular automata with applications to ecohydraulics modelling
- Chen, Mynett
- 2003
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Citation Context ...aviour and patchy dynamics that are commonly exhibited in mostsecosystems, and the modelled results somclimes become categorically unacceptables(Minns, et al., 2000; Wootton. 2001; Chen et al., 2002; =-=Chen and Mynett, 2003-=-).sIn the tlelds of eutrophication and H A B s , it has been widely recognised that thesproblems are multidisciplinary and complex since hydrodynamic, chemical andsbiological processes take place simu... |

1 | A fuzzy knowledge-based model of anntial prodtietion of skylarks. Ecological Modelling. 85: 67-73 132 Cellular Automata and Artilleial Intelligenee in Ecohydraulics Modelling - unknown authors - 1996 |

1 | Fuzzy modelling of vegetation from reiiiotely sensed imagery - Publications, M - 1996 |

1 |
Statistical Methods in Hydrology. 'Ihe lowa State University Press, ISBN: 0-81381510-x Hallegraeff G.M
- Haan
- 1977
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Citation Context ...n.sIn the raw data seis, some variables have large variation or spread, w hich may leadsto trivial results in P C A and S O F M analysis due to the non-commensurale unitssbetween different variables (=-=Haan, 1977-=-; Boogaard, et al., 1998). Therefore the rawsdata set A",, = ( . v „ , , . v „ . . . . . , . v „ ^ jshould be normalised i n l o ^ = ( 4 ,,^„ ^ , . . . , 4 ^ ) , wheresn is the number of cases and k i... |

1 | Multiscale analysis of vegetation surface fluxes: from seconds to years - Schafer, Vidakovie, et al. - 2001 |

1 |
Charophyle colonisation in shallow lakes. PhD thesis. University of Ainsterdam Marsili-Libelli, S., Giunti.L., 20(12. Euzzy predictive eontrol for nitrogen removal in biological wastewater treatmcnl
- Mann, Lazier
- 1996
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Citation Context ...s. Althoughsmacroscopic algae like Ulva can play a role locally (Kelly and Naguib, 1984),sphytoplankton is the most important primary producer in almost all marine systemss(Lal l i and Parsons, 1997; =-=Mann and Lazier, 1996-=-) contributing about 95% of marinesprimary production (Nielsen, 1975). The importance of phytoplankton is largely duesto the very large area of the earth that is covered by open sea (Valiela, 1984). T... |

1 | Physical Review E: 58: 6824-6827 Meijer, M-L., 2000. Biomanipulation in the Netherlands, 15 years of experienee - unknown authors - 1996 |

1 | Assessing temporal and spatial changes of salinity using fuzzy logic, rcniote sensing and GIS foundations of an expert system. Ecological Modelling, 144 - Metlernicht - 1998 |

1 |
Description and Analysis of Spatial Patterns
- Morris
- 1980
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Citation Context ... the Redtleld ratio (Redfield, 1958), thesproportion ration of atoins 106C ; 16N ; IP, has been proposed as one approach to thesquestion of assigning a limiting role to major phytoplankton nutrients (=-=Morris, 1980-=-;sBeer, 1997). Hodgkiss and Ho (1997) reported growing evidence that changes in thesN ; P ratio are accompanied with increasing numbers of red tides of non-siliceoussphytoplankton groups. The coastal ... |

1 |
Harmful algal blooms, red tides. WL | delft hydraulics, report number: Z2494
- Passarge
- 1998
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Citation Context ...oplankton since the nutrientssin the upper layer have been rapidly depleted (Mann, 1982).sHydrodynamicssThe importanee of hydrodynamics had not been emphasised until late 1990ss(Anderson, 1995, 1996; =-=Passarge, 1998-=-) when many algal bloom phenomena couldsnot be solely interpreted from biological aspects. It is proved that understanding ofsunderlying hydrodynamics is the prerequisite to study aquatic eeologieal d... |

1 | Theoretical and pratical issues on cellular automata: proceedings of the 4"' International Conference on Cellular automata for Research and - Zaleski, S - 1994 |

1 | Oscillations and chaos bchind predator-prey invasion: mathematical artil'acl or ecological reality - Sherratt, Eagan, et al. - 1997 |

1 |
A mechanism ol' "red tide" formation 11: effect of selective nutriënt stimuiation on growth of different phytoplankton species in natural water. Marine Biology, 70:267-273 TBA (Taihu Basin Authorily
- Takahashi, Fuzukawa
- 1982
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Citation Context ... Forsexample, in open oceans iron (Fe) is usually a liiniting factor to algae growth (Beer,s1997). Enrichment of iron and manganese would trigger and inaintain blooms of thesRaphidophyte H. akashiwo (=-=Takahashi and Fuzukawa, 1982-=-; Yamochi , 1982).sHowever, Boyer and Brand (1998) state that the evidence for stimulating harmfulsalgal blooms by tracé clements is still weak. Harmful algae species have not beensproven to have diff... |

1 | Instabilities and Catastrophes in Science and Engineering - Computer, Systems - 1982 |

1 | Mathematical modelling as a tooi for assessment of North Sea pollution - Postma, E - 1988 |

1 |
Lecture notes in mathematics 1725, Springer, ISBN: 3-540-66973-6
- Wolfram
- 1983
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Citation Context ...dea of a cellular automaton was proposed by VonsNeumann in the 1940's when he was interested in finding a logic abstraction (machine)sthat could have self-control and even some self-repair mechanism (=-=Wolfram, 1983-=-;sChopard and Droz, 1998). During the following decades, cellular automata have beensdeveloped and reformatted in many different ways, and have been applied to verysbroad fields.sThe flrst cellular au... |