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Ordinal arithmetic in ACL2
 In ACL2 Workshop 2003
, 2003
"... Abstract. Ordinals form the basis for termination proofs in ACL2. Currently, ACL2 uses a rather inefficient representation for the ordinals up to ɛ0 and provides limited support for reasoning about them. We present algorithms for ordinal arithmetic on an exponentially more compact representation tha ..."
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Cited by 9 (6 self)
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Abstract. Ordinals form the basis for termination proofs in ACL2. Currently, ACL2 uses a rather inefficient representation for the ordinals up to ɛ0 and provides limited support for reasoning about them. We present algorithms for ordinal arithmetic on an exponentially more compact representation than the one used by ACL2. The algorithms have been implemented and numerous properties of the arithmetic operators have been mechanically verified, thereby greatly extending ACL2’s ability to reason about the ordinals. We describe how to use the libraries containing these results, which are currently distributed with ACL2 version 2.7. 1
Efficient execution in an automated reasoning environment
 Journal of Functional Programming
, 2006
"... Abstract We describe a method to permit the user of a mathematical logic to write elegant logical definitions while allowing sound and efficient execution. We focus on the ACL2 logic and automated reasoning environment. ACL2 is used by industrial researchers to describe microprocessor designs and ot ..."
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Cited by 8 (4 self)
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Abstract We describe a method to permit the user of a mathematical logic to write elegant logical definitions while allowing sound and efficient execution. We focus on the ACL2 logic and automated reasoning environment. ACL2 is used by industrial researchers to describe microprocessor designs and other complicated digital systems. Properties of the designs can be formally established with the theorem prover. But because ACL2 is also a functional programming language, the formal models can be executed as simulation engines. We implement features that afford these dual applications, namely formal proof and execution on industrial test suites. In particular, the features allow the user to install, in a logically sound way, alternative executable counterparts for logicallydefined functions. These alternatives are often much more efficient than the logically equivalent terms they replace. We discuss several applications of these features. 1 Introduction This paper is about a way to permit the functional programmer to prove efficientprograms correct. The idea is to allow the provision of two definitions of the program: an elegant definition that supports effective reasoning by a mechanizedtheorem prover, and an efficient definition for evaluation. A bridge of this sort,
Integrating reasoning about ordinal arithmetic into ACL2
 In Formal Methods in ComputerAided Design: 5th International Conference – FMCAD2004, LNCS
, 2004
"... Abstract. Termination poses one of the main challenges for mechanically verifying infinite state systems. In this paper, we develop a powerful and extensible framework based on the ordinals for reasoning about termination in a general purpose programming language. We have incorporated our work into ..."
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Cited by 7 (5 self)
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Abstract. Termination poses one of the main challenges for mechanically verifying infinite state systems. In this paper, we develop a powerful and extensible framework based on the ordinals for reasoning about termination in a general purpose programming language. We have incorporated our work into the ACL2 theorem proving system, thereby greatly extending its ability to automatically reason about termination. The resulting technology has been adopted into the newly released ACL2 version 2.8. We discuss the creation of this technology and present two case studies illustrating its effectiveness. 1
Ordinal arithmetic: Algorithms and mechanization
 Journal of Automated Reasoning
, 2006
"... Abstract. Termination proofs are of critical importance for establishing the correct behavior of both transformational and reactive computing systems. A general setting for establishing termination proofs involves the use of the ordinal numbers, an extension of the natural numbers into the transfini ..."
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Cited by 5 (3 self)
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Abstract. Termination proofs are of critical importance for establishing the correct behavior of both transformational and reactive computing systems. A general setting for establishing termination proofs involves the use of the ordinal numbers, an extension of the natural numbers into the transfinite which were introduced by Cantor in the nineteenth century and are at the core of modern set theory. We present the first comprehensive treatment of ordinal arithmetic on compact ordinal notations and give efficient algorithms for various operations, including addition, subtraction, multiplication, and exponentiation. Using the ACL2 theorem proving system, we implemented our ordinal arithmetic algorithms, mechanically verified their correctness, and developed a library of theorems that can be used to significantly automate reasoning involving the ordinals. To enable users of the ACL2 system to fully utilize our work required that we modify ACL2, e.g., we replaced the underlying representation of the ordinals and added a large library of definitions and theorems. Our modifications are available starting with ACL2 version 2.8. 1.
A Symbolic Simulation Approach to Assertional Program Verification
, 2005
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Integrating CCG analysis into ACL2
 In Eighth International Workshop on Termination, August 2006. Part of FLOC ’06
"... ACL2 [6–8] is a powerful, industrial strength theorem proving system, which has been used on ..."
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Cited by 3 (3 self)
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ACL2 [6–8] is a powerful, industrial strength theorem proving system, which has been used on
A mechanical analysis of program verification strategies
 Journal of Automated Reasoning
, 2008
"... Abstract. We analyze three proof strategies commonly used in deductive verification of deterministic sequential programs formalized with operational semantics. The strategies are: (i) stepwise invariants, (ii) clock functions, and (iii) inductive assertions. We show how to formalize the strategies i ..."
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Cited by 3 (1 self)
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Abstract. We analyze three proof strategies commonly used in deductive verification of deterministic sequential programs formalized with operational semantics. The strategies are: (i) stepwise invariants, (ii) clock functions, and (iii) inductive assertions. We show how to formalize the strategies in the logic of the ACL2 theorem prover. Based on our formalization, we prove that each strategy is both sound and complete. The completeness result implies that given any proof of correctness of a sequential program one can derive a proof in each of the above strategies. The soundness and completeness theorems have been mechanically checked with ACL2.
Using Theorem Proving and Algorithmic Decision Procedures for LargeScale System Verification
, 2005
"... To the few people who believed I could do it even when I myself didn’t Acknowledgments This dissertation has been shaped by many people, including my teachers, collaborators, friends, and family. I would like to take this opportunity to acknowledge the influence they have had in my development as a ..."
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To the few people who believed I could do it even when I myself didn’t Acknowledgments This dissertation has been shaped by many people, including my teachers, collaborators, friends, and family. I would like to take this opportunity to acknowledge the influence they have had in my development as a person and as a scientist. First and foremost, I wish to thank my advisor J Strother Moore. J is an amazing advisor, a marvellous collaborator, an insightful researcher, an empathetic teacher, and a truly great human being. He gave me just the right balance of freedom, encouragement, and direction to guide the course of this research. My stimulating discussions with him made the act of research an experience of pure enjoyment, and helped pull me out of many low ebbs. At one point I used to believe that whenever I was stuck with a problem one meeting with J would get me back on track. Furthermore, my times together with J and Jo during Thanksgivings and other occasions always made me feel part of his family. There was no problem, technical or otherwise, that I could not discuss with J, and there was no time when
Proof of Dickson's Lemma Using the ACL2 Theorem Prover via an Explicit Ordinal Mapping
, 2003
"... In this paper we present the use of the ACL2 theorem prover to formalize and mechanically check a new proof of Dickson's lemma about monomial sequences. Dickson's lemma can be used to establish the termination of Buchberger's algorithm to find the Gröbner basis of a polynomial ideal. ..."
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In this paper we present the use of the ACL2 theorem prover to formalize and mechanically check a new proof of Dickson's lemma about monomial sequences. Dickson's lemma can be used to establish the termination of Buchberger's algorithm to find the Gröbner basis of a polynomial ideal. This effort is related to a larger project which aims to develop a mechanically verified computer algebra system.