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56
Nominal techniques in Isabelle/HOL
 Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Automated Deduction (CADE20
, 2005
"... Abstract. In this paper we define an inductive set that is bijective with the ffequated lambdaterms. Unlike deBruijn indices, however, our inductive definition includes names and reasoning about this definition is very similar to informal reasoning on paper. For this we provide a structural induc ..."
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Cited by 102 (14 self)
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Abstract. In this paper we define an inductive set that is bijective with the ffequated lambdaterms. Unlike deBruijn indices, however, our inductive definition includes names and reasoning about this definition is very similar to informal reasoning on paper. For this we provide a structural induction principle that requires to prove the lambdacase for fresh binders only. The main technical novelty of this work is that it is compatible with the axiomofchoice (unlike earlier nominal logic work by Pitts et al); thus we were able to implement all results in Isabelle/HOL and use them to formalise the standard proofs for ChurchRosser and strongnormalisation. Keywords. Lambdacalculus, nominal logic, structural induction, theoremassistants.
Focusing on binding and computation
 In IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
, 2008
"... ..."
Domain theory for concurrency
, 2003
"... Concurrent computation can be given an abstract mathematical treatment very similar to that provided for sequential computation by domain theory and denotational semantics of Scott and Strachey. ..."
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Cited by 28 (6 self)
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Concurrent computation can be given an abstract mathematical treatment very similar to that provided for sequential computation by domain theory and denotational semantics of Scott and Strachey.
Normalization by evaluation for MartinLöf type theory with one universe
 IN 23RD CONFERENCE ON THE MATHEMATICAL FOUNDATIONS OF PROGRAMMING SEMANTICS, MFPS XXIII, ELECTRONIC NOTES IN THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2007
"... ..."
Static name control for FreshML
 In IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS
, 2007
"... 3 A complete example ..."
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A recursion combinator for nominal datatypes implemented in Isabelle/HOL
 IN PROC. OF THE 3RD INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON AUTOMATED REASONING (IJCAR), VOLUME 4130 OF LNAI
, 2006
"... The nominal datatype package implements an infrastructure in Isabelle/HOL for defining languages involving binders and for reasoning conveniently about alphaequivalence classes. Pitts stated some general conditions under which functions over alphaequivalence classes can be defined by a form of str ..."
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Cited by 24 (9 self)
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The nominal datatype package implements an infrastructure in Isabelle/HOL for defining languages involving binders and for reasoning conveniently about alphaequivalence classes. Pitts stated some general conditions under which functions over alphaequivalence classes can be defined by a form of structural recursion and gave a clever proof for the existence of a primitiverecursion combinator. We give a version of this proof that works directly over nominal datatypes and does not rely upon auxiliary constructions. We further introduce proving tools and a heuristic that made the automation of our proof tractable. This automation is an essential prerequisite for the nominal datatype package to become useful.
A Definitional TwoLevel Approach to Reasoning with HigherOrder Abstract Syntax
 Journal of Automated Reasoning
, 2010
"... Abstract. Combining higherorder abstract syntax and (co)induction in a logical framework is well known to be problematic. Previous work [ACM02] described the implementation of a tool called Hybrid, within Isabelle HOL, syntax, and reasoned about using tactical theorem proving and principles of (co ..."
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Cited by 24 (4 self)
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Abstract. Combining higherorder abstract syntax and (co)induction in a logical framework is well known to be problematic. Previous work [ACM02] described the implementation of a tool called Hybrid, within Isabelle HOL, syntax, and reasoned about using tactical theorem proving and principles of (co)induction. Moreover, it is definitional, which guarantees consistency within a classical type theory. The idea is to have a de Bruijn representation of syntax, while offering tools for reasoning about them at the higher level. In this paper we describe how to use it in a multilevel reasoning fashion, similar in spirit to other metalogics such as Linc and Twelf. By explicitly referencing provability in a middle layer called a specification logic, we solve the problem of reasoning by (co)induction in the presence of nonstratifiable hypothetical judgments, which allow very elegant and succinct specifications of object logic inference rules. We first demonstrate the method on a simple example, formally proving type soundness (subject reduction) for a fragment of a pure functional language, using a minimal intuitionistic logic as the specification logic. We then prove an analogous result for a continuationmachine presentation of the operational semantics of the same language, encoded this time in an ordered linear logic that serves as the specification layer. This example demonstrates the ease with which we can incorporate new specification logics, and also illustrates a significantly
T.: Compositional Data Types
 In: Proceedings of the Seventh ACM SIGPLAN Workshop on Generic Programming
, 2011
"... In previous work we have illustrated the benefits that compositional data types (CDTs) offer for implementing languages and in general for dealing with abstract syntax trees (ASTs). Based on Swierstra’s data types à la carte, CDTs are implemented as a Haskell library that enables the definition of r ..."
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Cited by 17 (7 self)
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In previous work we have illustrated the benefits that compositional data types (CDTs) offer for implementing languages and in general for dealing with abstract syntax trees (ASTs). Based on Swierstra’s data types à la carte, CDTs are implemented as a Haskell library that enables the definition of recursive data types and functions on them in a modular and extendable fashion. Although CDTs provide a powerful tool for analysing and manipulating ASTs, they lack a convenient representation of variable binders. In this paper we remedy this deficiency by combining the framework of CDTs with Chlipala’s parametric higherorder abstract syntax (PHOAS). We show how a generalisation from functors to difunctors enables us to capture PHOAS while still maintaining the features of the original implementation of CDTs, in particular its modularity. Unlike previous approaches, we avoid socalled exotic terms without resorting to abstract types: this is crucial when we want to perform transformations on CDTs that inspect the recursively computed CDTs, e.g. constant folding. 1
Verifying a Semantic βηConversion Test for MartinLöf Type Theory
, 2008
"... Typechecking algorithms for dependent type theories often rely on the interpretation of terms in some semantic domain of values when checking equalities. Here we analyze a version of Coquand’s algorithm for checking the βηequality of such semantic values in a theory with a predicative universe hi ..."
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Cited by 17 (11 self)
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Typechecking algorithms for dependent type theories often rely on the interpretation of terms in some semantic domain of values when checking equalities. Here we analyze a version of Coquand’s algorithm for checking the βηequality of such semantic values in a theory with a predicative universe hierarchy and large elimination rules. Although this algorithm does not rely on normalization by evaluation explicitly, we show that similar ideas can be employed for its verification. In particular, our proof uses the new notions of contextual reification and strong semantic equality. The algorithm is part of a bidirectional type checking algorithm which checks whether a normal term has a certain semantic type, a technique notion of semantic domain in order to accommodate a variety of possible implementation techniques, such as normal forms, weak head normal forms, closures, and compiled code. Our aim is to get closer than previous work to verifying the typechecking algorithms which are actually used in practice.
Structural Recursion with Locally Scoped Names
"... This paper introduces a new recursion principle for inductively defined data modulo αequivalence of bound names that makes use of Oderskystyle local names when recursing over bound names. It is formulated in simply typed λcalculus extended with names that can be restricted to a lexical scope, tes ..."
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Cited by 15 (2 self)
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This paper introduces a new recursion principle for inductively defined data modulo αequivalence of bound names that makes use of Oderskystyle local names when recursing over bound names. It is formulated in simply typed λcalculus extended with names that can be restricted to a lexical scope, tested for equality, explicitly swapped and abstracted. The new recursion principle is motivated by the nominal sets notion of “αstructural recursion”, whose use of names and associated freshness sideconditions in recursive definitions formalizes common practice with binders. The new calculus has a simple interpretation in nominal sets equipped with name restriction operations. It is shown to adequately represent αstructural recursion while avoiding the need to verify freshness sideconditions in definitions and computations. The paper is a revised and expanded version of (Pitts, 2010). 1