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27
Short signatures from the Weil pairing
, 2001
"... Abstract. We introduce a short signature scheme based on the Computational DiffieHellman assumption on certain elliptic and hyperelliptic curves. The signature length is half the size of a DSA signature for a similar level of security. Our short signature scheme is designed for systems where signa ..."
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Cited by 560 (31 self)
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Abstract. We introduce a short signature scheme based on the Computational DiffieHellman assumption on certain elliptic and hyperelliptic curves. The signature length is half the size of a DSA signature for a similar level of security. Our short signature scheme is designed for systems where signatures are typed in by a human or signatures are sent over a lowbandwidth channel. 1
Software Implementation of Elliptic Curve Cryptography Over Binary Fields
, 2000
"... This paper presents an extensive and careful study of the software implementation on workstations of the NISTrecommended elliptic curves over binary fields. We also present the results of our implementation in C on a Pentium II 400 MHz workstation. ..."
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Cited by 147 (9 self)
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This paper presents an extensive and careful study of the software implementation on workstations of the NISTrecommended elliptic curves over binary fields. We also present the results of our implementation in C on a Pentium II 400 MHz workstation.
The Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA)
, 1999
"... The Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA) is the elliptic curve analogue of the Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA). It was accepted in 1999 as an ANSI standard, and was accepted in 2000 as IEEE and NIST standards. It was also accepted in 1998 as an ISO standard, and is under consideratio ..."
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Cited by 102 (5 self)
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The Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA) is the elliptic curve analogue of the Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA). It was accepted in 1999 as an ANSI standard, and was accepted in 2000 as IEEE and NIST standards. It was also accepted in 1998 as an ISO standard, and is under consideration for inclusion in some other ISO standards. Unlike the ordinary discrete logarithm problem and the integer factorization problem, no subexponentialtime algorithm is known for the elliptic curve discrete logarithm problem. For this reason, the strengthperkeybit is substantially greater in an algorithm that uses elliptic curves. This paper describes the ANSI X9.62 ECDSA, and discusses related security, implementation, and interoperability issues. Keywords: Signature schemes, elliptic curve cryptography, DSA, ECDSA.
An algorithm for solving the discrete log problem on hyperelliptic curves
, 2000
"... Abstract. We present an indexcalculus algorithm for the computation of discrete logarithms in the Jacobian of hyperelliptic curves defined over finite fields. The complexity predicts that it is faster than the Rho method for genus greater than 4. To demonstrate the efficiency of our approach, we de ..."
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Cited by 78 (6 self)
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Abstract. We present an indexcalculus algorithm for the computation of discrete logarithms in the Jacobian of hyperelliptic curves defined over finite fields. The complexity predicts that it is faster than the Rho method for genus greater than 4. To demonstrate the efficiency of our approach, we describe our breaking of a cryptosystem based on a curve of genus 6 recently proposed by Koblitz. 1
Applications of Arithmetical Geometry to Cryptographic Constructions
 Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Finite Fields and Applications
"... Public key cryptosystems are very important tools for data transmission. Their performance and security depend on the underlying crypto primitives. In this paper we describe one such primitive: The Discrete Logarithm (DL) in cyclic groups of prime order (Section 1). To construct DLsystems we use me ..."
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Cited by 41 (1 self)
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Public key cryptosystems are very important tools for data transmission. Their performance and security depend on the underlying crypto primitives. In this paper we describe one such primitive: The Discrete Logarithm (DL) in cyclic groups of prime order (Section 1). To construct DLsystems we use methods from algebraic and arithmetic geometry and especially the theory of abelian varieties over finite fields. It is explained why Jacobian varieties of hyperelliptic curves of genus 4 are candidates for cryptographically "good" abelian varieties (Section 2). In the third section we describe the (constructive and destructive) role played by Galois theory: Local and global Galois representation theory is used to count points on abelian varieties over finite fields and we give some applications of Weil descent and Tate duality.
Extending the GHS Weil descent attack
 Advances in CryptologyEUROCRYPT 2002, LNCS 2332
, 2002
"... Abstract. In this paper we extend the Weil descent attack due to Gaudry, Hess and Smart (GHS) to a much larger class of elliptic curves. This extended attack applies to fields of composite degree over F2. The principle behind the extended attack is to use isogenies to find an elliptic curve for whic ..."
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Cited by 38 (1 self)
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Abstract. In this paper we extend the Weil descent attack due to Gaudry, Hess and Smart (GHS) to a much larger class of elliptic curves. This extended attack applies to fields of composite degree over F2. The principle behind the extended attack is to use isogenies to find an elliptic curve for which the GHS attack is effective. The discrete logarithm problem on the target curve can be transformed into a discrete logarithm problem on the isogenous curve. A further contribution of the paper is to give an improvement to an algorithm of Galbraith for constructing isogenies between elliptic curves, and this is of independent interest in elliptic curve cryptography. We show that a larger proportion than previously thought of elliptic curves over F 2 155 should be considered weak. 1
Analysis of the Weil Descent Attack of Gaudry, Hess and Smart
, 2000
"... . We analyze the Weil descent attack of Gaudry, Hess and Smart [12] on the elliptic curve discrete logarithm problem for elliptic curves dened over F2 n , where n is prime. 1 Introduction Let E be an elliptic curve dened over a nite eld F q . The elliptic curve discrete logarithm problem (ECDLP) ..."
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Cited by 30 (5 self)
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. We analyze the Weil descent attack of Gaudry, Hess and Smart [12] on the elliptic curve discrete logarithm problem for elliptic curves dened over F2 n , where n is prime. 1 Introduction Let E be an elliptic curve dened over a nite eld F q . The elliptic curve discrete logarithm problem (ECDLP) in E(F q ) is the following: given E, P 2 E(F q ), r = ord(P ) and Q 2 hP i, nd the integer s 2 [0; r 1] such that Q = sP . The ECDLP is of interest because its apparent intractability forms the basis for the security of elliptic curve cryptographic schemes. The elliptic curve parameters have to be carefully chosen in order to circumvent some known attacks on the ECDLP. In order to avoid the PohligHellman [19] and Pollard's rho [20, 17] attacks, r should be a large prime number, say r > 2 160 . To avoid the Weil pairing [15] and Tate pairing [8] attacks, r should not divide q k 1 for each 1 k C, where C is large enough so that it is computationally infeasible to nd discrete ...
Pgp in constrained wireless devices
 in Proceedings of the 9th USENIX Security Symposium
, 2000
"... Rights to individual papers remain with the author or the author's employer. Permission is granted for noncommercial reproduction of the work for educational or research purposes. This copyright notice must be included in the reproduced paper. USENIX acknowledges all trademarks herein. ..."
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Cited by 29 (2 self)
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Rights to individual papers remain with the author or the author's employer. Permission is granted for noncommercial reproduction of the work for educational or research purposes. This copyright notice must be included in the reproduced paper. USENIX acknowledges all trademarks herein.
An Overview of Elliptic Curve Cryptography
, 2000
"... Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) was introduced by Victor Miller and Neal Koblitz in 1985. ECC proposed as an alternative to established publickey systems such as DSA and RSA, have recently gained a lot attention in industry and academia. The main reason for the attractiveness of ECC is the fact t ..."
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Cited by 29 (2 self)
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Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) was introduced by Victor Miller and Neal Koblitz in 1985. ECC proposed as an alternative to established publickey systems such as DSA and RSA, have recently gained a lot attention in industry and academia. The main reason for the attractiveness of ECC is the fact that there is no subexponential algorithm known to solve the discrete logarithm problem on a properly chosen elliptic curve. This means that significantly smaller parameters can be used in ECC than in other competitive systems such RSA and DSA, but with equivalent levels of security. Some benefits of having smaller key sizes include faster computations, and reductions in processing power, storage space and bandwidth. This makes ECC ideal for constrained environments such as pagers, PDAs, cellular phones and smart cards. The implementation of ECC, on the other hand, requires several choices such as the type of the underlying finite field, algorithms for implementing the finite field arithmetic and so on. In this paper we give we presen an selective overview of the main methods.
Index Calculus for Abelian Varieties and the Elliptic Curve Discrete Logarithm Problem
, 2004
"... We propose an index calculus algorithm for the discrete logarithm problem on general abelian varieties. The main difference with the previous approaches is that we do not make use of any embedding into the Jacobian of a wellsuited curve. We apply this algorithm to the Weil restriction of elliptic c ..."
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Cited by 21 (2 self)
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We propose an index calculus algorithm for the discrete logarithm problem on general abelian varieties. The main difference with the previous approaches is that we do not make use of any embedding into the Jacobian of a wellsuited curve. We apply this algorithm to the Weil restriction of elliptic curves and hyperelliptic curves over small degree extension fields. In particular, our attack can solve all elliptic curve discrete logarithm problems defined over F q 3 in time O(q ), with a reasonably small constant; and an elliptic problem over F q 4 or a genus 2 problem over F p 2 in time O(q ) with a larger constant.