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499
Monads for functional programming
, 1995
"... The use of monads to structure functional programs is described. Monads provide a convenient framework for simulating effects found in other languages, such as global state, exception handling, output, or nondeterminism. Three case studies are looked at in detail: how monads ease the modification o ..."
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Cited by 1483 (39 self)
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The use of monads to structure functional programs is described. Monads provide a convenient framework for simulating effects found in other languages, such as global state, exception handling, output, or nondeterminism. Three case studies are looked at in detail: how monads ease the modification of a simple evaluator; how monads act as the basis of a datatype of arrays subject to inplace update; and how monads can be used to build parsers.
Notions of Computation and Monads
, 1991
"... The i.calculus is considered a useful mathematical tool in the study of programming languages, since programs can be identified with Iterms. However, if one goes further and uses bnconversion to prove equivalence of programs, then a gross simplification is introduced (programs are identified with ..."
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Cited by 884 (16 self)
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The i.calculus is considered a useful mathematical tool in the study of programming languages, since programs can be identified with Iterms. However, if one goes further and uses bnconversion to prove equivalence of programs, then a gross simplification is introduced (programs are identified with total functions from calues to values) that may jeopardise the applicability of theoretical results, In this paper we introduce calculi. based on a categorical semantics for computations, that provide a correct basis for proving equivalence of programs for a wide range of notions of computation.
Comprehending Monads
 Mathematical Structures in Computer Science
, 1992
"... Category theorists invented monads in the 1960's to concisely express certain aspects of universal algebra. Functional programmers invented list comprehensions in the 1970's to concisely express certain programs involving lists. This paper shows how list comprehensions may be generalised t ..."
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Cited by 522 (16 self)
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Category theorists invented monads in the 1960's to concisely express certain aspects of universal algebra. Functional programmers invented list comprehensions in the 1970's to concisely express certain programs involving lists. This paper shows how list comprehensions may be generalised to an arbitrary monad, and how the resulting programming feature can concisely express in a pure functional language some programs that manipulate state, handle exceptions, parse text, or invoke continuations. A new solution to the old problem of destructive array update is also presented. No knowledge of category theory is assumed.
The Revised Report on the Syntactic Theories of Sequential Control and State
 THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1992
"... The syntactic theories of control and state are conservative extensions of the v calculus for equational reasoning about imperative programming facilities in higherorder languages. Unlike the simple v calculus, the extended theories are mixtures of equivalence relations and compatible congruen ..."
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Cited by 293 (38 self)
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The syntactic theories of control and state are conservative extensions of the v calculus for equational reasoning about imperative programming facilities in higherorder languages. Unlike the simple v calculus, the extended theories are mixtures of equivalence relations and compatible congruence relations on the term language, which significantly complicates the reasoning process. In this paper we develop fully compatible equational theories of the same imperative higherorder programming languages. The new theories subsume the original calculi of control and state and satisfy the usual ChurchRosser and Standardization Theorems. With the new calculi, equational reasoning about imperative programs becomes as simple as reasoning about functional programs.
A Foundation for Actor Computation
 Journal of Functional Programming
, 1998
"... We present an actor language which is an extension of a simple functional language, and provide a precise operational semantics for this extension. Actor configurations represent open distributed systems, by which we mean that the specification of an actor system explicitly takes into account the in ..."
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Cited by 259 (52 self)
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We present an actor language which is an extension of a simple functional language, and provide a precise operational semantics for this extension. Actor configurations represent open distributed systems, by which we mean that the specification of an actor system explicitly takes into account the interface with external components. We study the composability of such systems. We define and study various notions of testing equivalence on actor expressions and configurations. The model we develop provides fairness. An important result is that the three forms of equivalence, namely, convex, must, and may equivalences, collapse to two in the presence of fairness. We further develop methods for proving laws of equivalence and provide example proofs to illustrate our methodology.
A Short Cut to Deforestation
, 1993
"... Lists are often used as "glue" to connect separate parts of a program together. We propose an automatic technique for improving the efficiency of such programs, by removing many of these intermediate lists, based on a single, simple, local transformation. We have implemented the method in ..."
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Cited by 227 (17 self)
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Lists are often used as "glue" to connect separate parts of a program together. We propose an automatic technique for improving the efficiency of such programs, by removing many of these intermediate lists, based on a single, simple, local transformation. We have implemented the method in the Glasgow Haskell compiler.
Building DomainSpecific Embedded Languages
 ACM COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1996
"... this paper I will describe the results of using the functional language Haskell to build DSELs. Haskell has several features that make it particularly suitable for this, but other languages could also be used. On the other hand, there are features that don't exist in any language (to my knowled ..."
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Cited by 206 (5 self)
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this paper I will describe the results of using the functional language Haskell to build DSELs. Haskell has several features that make it particularly suitable for this, but other languages could also be used. On the other hand, there are features that don't exist in any language (to my knowledge) that would make things even easier; there is much more work to be done.
A System of Constructor Classes: Overloading and Implicit HigherOrder Polymorphism
 Journal of functional programming
, 1995
"... This paper describes a flexible type system which combines overloading and higherorder polymorphism in an implicitly typed language using a system of constructor classes  a natural generalization of type classes in Haskell. We present a wide range of examples which demonstrate the usefulness of ..."
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Cited by 195 (14 self)
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This paper describes a flexible type system which combines overloading and higherorder polymorphism in an implicitly typed language using a system of constructor classes  a natural generalization of type classes in Haskell. We present a wide range of examples which demonstrate the usefulness of such a system. In particular, we show how constructor classes can be used to support the use of monads in a functional language. The underlying type system permits higherorder polymorphism but retains many of many of the attractive features that have made the use of Hindley/Milner type systems so popular. In particular, there is an effective algorithm which can be used to calculate principal types without the need for explicit type or kind annotations. A prototype implementation has been developed providing, amongst other things, the first concrete implementation of monad comprehensions known to us at the time of writing. 1 An overloaded map function Many functional programs use the map ...
A Judgmental Reconstruction of Modal Logic
 Mathematical Structures in Computer Science
, 1999
"... this paper we reconsider the foundations of modal logic, following MartinL of's methodology of distinguishing judgments from propositions [ML85]. We give constructive meaning explanations for necessity (2) and possibility (3). This exercise yields a simple and uniform system of natural deductio ..."
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Cited by 194 (47 self)
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this paper we reconsider the foundations of modal logic, following MartinL of's methodology of distinguishing judgments from propositions [ML85]. We give constructive meaning explanations for necessity (2) and possibility (3). This exercise yields a simple and uniform system of natural deduction for intuitionistic modal logic which does not exhibit anomalies found in other proposals. We also give a new presentation of lax logic [FM97] and find that it is already contained in modal logic, using the decomposition of the lax modality fl A as