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32
Inductive Definitions in the System Coq Rules and Properties
, 1992
"... In the pure Calculus of Constructions, it is possible to represent data structures and predicates using higherorder quantification. However, this representation is not satisfactory, from the point of view of both the efficiency of the underlying programs and the power of the logical system. For ..."
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Cited by 163 (1 self)
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In the pure Calculus of Constructions, it is possible to represent data structures and predicates using higherorder quantification. However, this representation is not satisfactory, from the point of view of both the efficiency of the underlying programs and the power of the logical system. For these reasons, the calculus was extended with a primitive notion of inductive definitions [8]. This paper describes the rules for inductive definitions in the system Coq. They are general enough to be seen as one formulation of adding inductive definitions to a typed lambdacalculus. We prove strong normalization for a subsystem of Coq corresponding to the pure Calculus of Constructions plus Inductive Definitions with only weak nondependent eliminations.
A Compiled Implementation of Strong Reduction
"... Motivated by applications to proof assistants based on dependent types, we develop and prove correct a strong reducer and b equivalence checker for the lcalculus with products, sums, and guarded fixpoints. Our approach is based on compilation to the bytecode of an abstract machine performing weak ..."
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Cited by 70 (5 self)
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Motivated by applications to proof assistants based on dependent types, we develop and prove correct a strong reducer and b equivalence checker for the lcalculus with products, sums, and guarded fixpoints. Our approach is based on compilation to the bytecode of an abstract machine performing weak reductions on nonclosed terms, derived with minimal modifications from the ZAM machine used in the Objective Caml bytecode interpreter, and complemented by a recursive "read back" procedure. An implementation in the Coq proof assistant demonstrates important speedups compared with the original interpreterbased implementation of strong reduction in Coq.
Programming with Intersection Types and Bounded Polymorphism
, 1991
"... representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government. ..."
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Cited by 67 (4 self)
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representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government.
Programming With Intersection Types, Union Types, and Polymorphism
, 1991
"... Type systems based on intersection types have been studied extensively in recent years, both as tools for the analysis of the pure calculus and, more recently, as the basis for practical programming languages. The dual notion, union types, also appears to have practical interest. For example, by re ..."
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Cited by 50 (3 self)
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Type systems based on intersection types have been studied extensively in recent years, both as tools for the analysis of the pure calculus and, more recently, as the basis for practical programming languages. The dual notion, union types, also appears to have practical interest. For example, by refining types ordinarily considered as atomic, union types allow a restricted form of abstract interpretation to be performed during typechecking. The addition of secondorder polymorphic types further increases the power of the type system, allowing interesting variants of many common datatypes to be encoded in the "pure" fragment with no type or term constants. This report summarizes a preliminary investigation of the expressiveness of a programming language combining intersection types, union types, and polymorphism.
Fully Reflexive Intensional Type Analysis
 In Fifth ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on Functional Programming
, 2000
"... Compilers for polymorphic languages can use runtime type inspection to support advanced implementation techniques such as tagless garbage collection, polymorphic marshalling, and flattened data structures. Intensional type analysis is a typetheoretic framework for expressing and certifying such typ ..."
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Cited by 44 (7 self)
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Compilers for polymorphic languages can use runtime type inspection to support advanced implementation techniques such as tagless garbage collection, polymorphic marshalling, and flattened data structures. Intensional type analysis is a typetheoretic framework for expressing and certifying such typeanalyzing computations. Unfortunately, existing approaches to intensional analysis do not work well on types with universal, existential, or fixpoint quantifiers. This makes it impossible to code applications such as garbage collection, persistence, or marshalling which must be able to examine the type of any runtime value. We present a typed intermediate language that supports fully reflexive intensional type analysis. By fully reflexive, we mean that typeanalyzing operations are applicable to the type of any runtime value in the language. In particular, we provide both typelevel and termlevel constructs for analyzing quantified types. Our system supports structural induction on quant...
Inductive datatypes in HOL  lessons learned in FormalLogic Engineering
 Theorem Proving in Higher Order Logics: TPHOLs ’99, LNCS 1690
, 1999
"... Isabelle/HOL has recently acquired new versions of definitional packages for inductive datatypes and primitive recursive functions. In contrast to its predecessors and most other implementations, Isabelle/HOL datatypes may be mutually and indirect recursive, even infinitely branching. We also su ..."
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Cited by 42 (6 self)
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Isabelle/HOL has recently acquired new versions of definitional packages for inductive datatypes and primitive recursive functions. In contrast to its predecessors and most other implementations, Isabelle/HOL datatypes may be mutually and indirect recursive, even infinitely branching. We also support inverted datatype definitions for characterizing existing types as being inductive ones later. All our constructions are fully definitional according to established HOL tradition. Stepping back from the logical details, we also see this work as a typical example of what could be called "FormalLogic Engineering". We observe that building realistic theorem proving environments involves further issues rather than pure logic only. 1
Applied Type System (extended abstract
 In postworkshop Proceedings of TYPES 2003
, 2004
"... Abstract. The framework Pure Type System (PTS) offers a simple and general approach to designing and formalizing type systems. However, in the presence of dependent types, there often exist some acute problems that make it difficult for PTS to accommodate many common realistic programming features s ..."
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Cited by 38 (13 self)
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Abstract. The framework Pure Type System (PTS) offers a simple and general approach to designing and formalizing type systems. However, in the presence of dependent types, there often exist some acute problems that make it difficult for PTS to accommodate many common realistic programming features such as general recursion, recursive types, effects (e.g., exceptions, references, input/output), etc. In this paper, we propose a new framework Applied Type System (ATS) to allow for designing and formalizing type systems that can readily support common realistic programming features. The key salient feature of ATS lies in a complete separation between statics, in which types are formed and reasoned about, and dynamics, in which programs are constructed and evaluated. With this separation, it is no longer possible for a program to occur in a type as is otherwise allowed in PTS. We present not only a formal development of ATS but also mention some examples in support of using ATS as a framework to form type systems for practical programming. 1
General recursion via coinductive types
 Logical Methods in Computer Science
"... Vol. 1 (2:1) 2005, pp. 1–28 ..."
Foundations for structured programming with GADTs
 Conference record of the ACM SIGPLANSIGACT Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages
, 2008
"... GADTs are at the cutting edge of functional programming and become more widely used every day. Nevertheless, the semantic foundations underlying GADTs are not well understood. In this paper we solve this problem by showing that the standard theory of data types as carriers of initial algebras of fun ..."
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Cited by 22 (4 self)
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GADTs are at the cutting edge of functional programming and become more widely used every day. Nevertheless, the semantic foundations underlying GADTs are not well understood. In this paper we solve this problem by showing that the standard theory of data types as carriers of initial algebras of functors can be extended from algebraic and nested data types to GADTs. We then use this observation to derive an initial algebra semantics for GADTs, thus ensuring that all of the accumulated knowledge about initial algebras can be brought to bear on them. Next, we use our initial algebra semantics for GADTs to derive expressive and principled tools — analogous to the wellknown and widelyused ones for algebraic and nested data types — for reasoning about, programming with, and improving the performance of programs involving, GADTs; we christen such a collection of tools for a GADT an initial algebra package. Along the way, we give a constructive demonstration that every GADT can be reduced to one which uses only the equality GADT and existential quantification. Although other such reductions exist in the literature, ours is entirely local, is independent of any particular syntactic presentation of GADTs, and can be implemented in the host language, rather than existing solely as a metatheoretical artifact. The main technical ideas underlying our approach are (i) to modify the notion of a higherorder functor so that GADTs can be seen as carriers of initial algebras of higherorder functors, and (ii) to use left Kan extensions to trade arbitrary GADTs for simplerbutequivalent ones for which initial algebra semantics can be derived.
Synthesizing proofs from programs in the Calculus of Inductive Constructions
 In Proceedings of the International Conference on Mathematics for Programs Constructions. SpringerVerlag LNCS 947
, 1995
"... . We want to prove "automatically" that a program is correct with respect to a set of given properties that is a specification. Proofs of specifications contain logical parts and computational parts. Programs can be seen as computational parts of proofs. They can then be extracted from proofs and be ..."
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Cited by 21 (1 self)
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. We want to prove "automatically" that a program is correct with respect to a set of given properties that is a specification. Proofs of specifications contain logical parts and computational parts. Programs can be seen as computational parts of proofs. They can then be extracted from proofs and be certified to be correct. We focus on the inverse problem : is it possible to reconstruct proof obligations from a program and its specification ? The framework is the type theory where a proof can be represented as a typed term [Con86, NPS90] and particularly the Calculus of Inductive Constructions [Coq85]. A notion of coherence is introduced between a specification and a program containing annotations as in the Hoare sense. This notion is based on the definition of an extraction function called the weak extraction. Such an annotated program can give a method to reconstruct a set of proof obligations needed to have a proof of the initial specification. This can be seen either as a method o...