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24
Bounds On The Complex Zeros Of (Di)Chromatic Polynomials And PottsModel Partition Functions
 Chromatic Roots Are Dense In The Whole Complex Plane, Combinatorics, Probability and Computing
"... I show that there exist universal constants C(r) < ∞ such that, for all loopless graphs G of maximum degree ≤ r, the zeros (real or complex) of the chromatic polynomial PG(q) lie in the disc q  < C(r). Furthermore, C(r) ≤ 7.963907r. This result is a corollary of a more general result on the ..."
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Cited by 47 (11 self)
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I show that there exist universal constants C(r) < ∞ such that, for all loopless graphs G of maximum degree ≤ r, the zeros (real or complex) of the chromatic polynomial PG(q) lie in the disc q  < C(r). Furthermore, C(r) ≤ 7.963907r. This result is a corollary of a more general result on the zeros of the Pottsmodel partition function ZG(q, {ve}) in the complex antiferromagnetic regime 1 + ve  ≤ 1. The proof is based on a transformation of the Whitney–Tutte–Fortuin–Kasteleyn representation of ZG(q, {ve}) to a polymer gas, followed by verification of the Dobrushin–Koteck´y–Preiss condition for nonvanishing of a polymermodel partition function. I also show that, for all loopless graphs G of secondlargest degree ≤ r, the zeros of PG(q) lie in the disc q  < C(r) + 1. KEY WORDS: Graph, maximum degree, secondlargest degree, chromatic polynomial,
Chromatic roots are dense in the whole complex plane
 In preparation
, 2000
"... to appear in Combinatorics, Probability and Computing I show that the zeros of the chromatic polynomials PG(q) for the generalized theta graphs Θ (s,p) are, taken together, dense in the whole complex plane with the possible exception of the disc q − 1  < 1. The same holds for their dichromatic ..."
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Cited by 36 (14 self)
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to appear in Combinatorics, Probability and Computing I show that the zeros of the chromatic polynomials PG(q) for the generalized theta graphs Θ (s,p) are, taken together, dense in the whole complex plane with the possible exception of the disc q − 1  < 1. The same holds for their dichromatic polynomials (alias Tutte polynomials, alias Pottsmodel partition functions) ZG(q,v) outside the disc q + v  < v. An immediate corollary is that the chromatic roots of notnecessarilyplanar graphs are dense in the whole complex plane. The main technical tool in the proof of these results is the Beraha–Kahane–Weiss theorem on the limit sets of zeros for certain sequences of analytic functions, for which I give a new and simpler proof. KEY WORDS: Graph, chromatic polynomial, dichromatic polynomial, Whitney rank function, Tutte polynomial, Potts model, Fortuin–Kasteleyn representation,
Recent Excluded Minor Theorems for Graphs
 IN SURVEYS IN COMBINATORICS, 1999 267 201222. THE ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF COMBINATORICS 8 (2001), #R34 8
, 1999
"... A graph is a minor of another if the first can be obtained from a subgraph of the second by contracting edges. An excluded minor theorem describes the structure of graphs with no minor isomorphic to a prescribed set of graphs. Splitter theorems are tools for proving excluded minor theorems. We disc ..."
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Cited by 9 (0 self)
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A graph is a minor of another if the first can be obtained from a subgraph of the second by contracting edges. An excluded minor theorem describes the structure of graphs with no minor isomorphic to a prescribed set of graphs. Splitter theorems are tools for proving excluded minor theorems. We discuss splitter theorems for internally 4connected graphs and for cyclically 5connected cubic graphs, the graph minor theorem of Robertson and Seymour, linkless embeddings of graphs in 3space, Hadwiger’s conjecture on tcolorability of graphs with no Kt+1 minor, Tutte’s edge 3coloring conjecture on edge 3colorability of 2connected cubic graphs with no Petersen minor, and Pfaffian orientations of bipartite graphs. The latter are related to the even directed circuit problem, a problem of Pólya about permanents, the 2colorability of hypergraphs, and signnonsingular matrices.
Combinatorics with a geometric flavor: some examples
 in Visions in Mathematics Toward 2000 (Geometric and Functional Analysis, Special Volume
, 2000
"... In this paper I try to present my field, combinatorics, via five examples of combinatorial studies which have some geometric flavor. The first topic is Tverberg's theorem, a gem in combinatorial geometry, and various of its combinatorial and topological extensions. McMullen's upper bound t ..."
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Cited by 8 (0 self)
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In this paper I try to present my field, combinatorics, via five examples of combinatorial studies which have some geometric flavor. The first topic is Tverberg's theorem, a gem in combinatorial geometry, and various of its combinatorial and topological extensions. McMullen's upper bound theorem for the face numbers of convex polytopes and its many extensions is the second topic. Next are general properties of subsets of the vertices of the discrete ndimensional cube and some relations with questions of extremal and probabilistic combinatorics. Our fourth topic is tree enumeration and random spanning trees, and finally, some combinatorial and geometrical aspects of the simplex method for linear programming are considered.
The journey of the four colour theorem through time
 The NZ Math. Magazine
"... This is a historical survey of the Four Colour Theorem and a discussion of the philosophical implications of its proof. The problem, first stated as far back as 1850s, still causes controversy today. Its computeraided proof has forced mathematicians to question the notions of proofs and mathematical ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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This is a historical survey of the Four Colour Theorem and a discussion of the philosophical implications of its proof. The problem, first stated as far back as 1850s, still causes controversy today. Its computeraided proof has forced mathematicians to question the notions of proofs and mathematical truth.
Spiral Chains: The Proofs of Tait’s and Tutte’s ThreeEdgeColoring Conjectures
, 2005
"... In this paper we have shown without assuming the four color theorem of planar graphs that every (bridgeless) cubic planar graph has a threeedgecoloring. This is an oldconjecture due to Tait in the squeal of efforts in settling the fourcolor conjecture at the end of the 19th century. We have also ..."
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Cited by 4 (2 self)
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In this paper we have shown without assuming the four color theorem of planar graphs that every (bridgeless) cubic planar graph has a threeedgecoloring. This is an oldconjecture due to Tait in the squeal of efforts in settling the fourcolor conjecture at the end of the 19th century. We have also shown the applicability of our method to another wellknown three edgecoloring conjecture on cubic graphs. Namely Tutte’s conjecture that ”every 2connected cubic graph with no Petersen minor is 3edge colorable”. Hence the conclusion of this paper implies another noncomputer proof of the four color theorem by using spiralchains in different context.
On Four Coloring Problems
, 1999
"... . Coloring problems include some of the most classical combinatorial problems (such as map coloring problems or edge coloring of cubic graphs). But the area is alive and well beeing refreshed by a constant stream of new problems and solutions of old ones. In this paper we complement this by a surve ..."
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Cited by 3 (2 self)
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. Coloring problems include some of the most classical combinatorial problems (such as map coloring problems or edge coloring of cubic graphs). But the area is alive and well beeing refreshed by a constant stream of new problems and solutions of old ones. In this paper we complement this by a survey of four particular problems which are all related to the notion of a homomorphism. This forms one of the most recent approaches to coloring problems. Keywords. Chromatic number, Planar graphs, Homomorphism, Gap, Density, Quasiordering, Oriented chromatic number, Game chromatic number. 1
Recent Excluded Minor Theorems
 SURVEYS IN COMBINATORICS, LMS LECTURE NOTE SERIES
"... We discuss splitter theorems for internally 4connected graphs and for cyclically 5connected cubic graphs, the graph minor theorem, linkless embeddings, Hadwiger's conjecture, Tutte's edge 3coloring conjecture, and Pfaffian orientations of bipartite graphs. ..."
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Cited by 3 (1 self)
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We discuss splitter theorems for internally 4connected graphs and for cyclically 5connected cubic graphs, the graph minor theorem, linkless embeddings, Hadwiger's conjecture, Tutte's edge 3coloring conjecture, and Pfaffian orientations of bipartite graphs.