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**1 - 3**of**3**### The Indefinite Logarithm, Logarithmic Units, and the Nature of Entropy

, 2008

"... We define the indefinite logarithm [log x] of a real number x> 0 to be a mathematical object representing the abstract concept of the logarithm of x with an indeterminate base (i.e., not specifically e, 10, 2, or any fixed number). The resulting indefinite logarithmic quantities naturally play a ..."

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We define the indefinite logarithm [log x] of a real number x> 0 to be a mathematical object representing the abstract concept of the logarithm of x with an indeterminate base (i.e., not specifically e, 10, 2, or any fixed number). The resulting indefinite logarithmic quantities naturally play a mathematical role that is closely analogous to that of dimensional physical quantities (such as length) in that, although these quantities have no definite interpretation as ordinary numbers, nevertheless the ratio of two of these entities is naturally well-defined as a specific, ordinary number, just like the ratio of two lengths. As a result, indefinite logarithm objects can serve as the basis for logarithmic spaces, which are natural systems of logarithmic units suitable for measuring any quantity defined on a logarithmic scale. We illustrate how logarithmic units provide a convenient language for explaining the complete conceptual unification of the disparate systems of units that are presently used for a variety of quantities that are conventionally considered distinct, such as, in particular, physical entropy and information-theoretic entropy. 1

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, 2000

"... some remarks on the evolution of linguistic theory* ..."

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