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24
Notions of Computation and Monads
, 1991
"... The i.calculus is considered a useful mathematical tool in the study of programming languages, since programs can be identified with Iterms. However, if one goes further and uses bnconversion to prove equivalence of programs, then a gross simplification is introduced (programs are identified with ..."
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The i.calculus is considered a useful mathematical tool in the study of programming languages, since programs can be identified with Iterms. However, if one goes further and uses bnconversion to prove equivalence of programs, then a gross simplification is introduced (programs are identified with total functions from calues to values) that may jeopardise the applicability of theoretical results, In this paper we introduce calculi. based on a categorical semantics for computations, that provide a correct basis for proving equivalence of programs for a wide range of notions of computation.
Towards a Mathematical Operational Semantics
 In Proc. 12 th LICS Conf
, 1997
"... We present a categorical theory of `wellbehaved' operational semantics which aims at complementing the established theory of domains and denotational semantics to form a coherent whole. It is shown that, if the operational rules of a programming language can be modelled as a natural transforma ..."
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Cited by 165 (9 self)
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We present a categorical theory of `wellbehaved' operational semantics which aims at complementing the established theory of domains and denotational semantics to form a coherent whole. It is shown that, if the operational rules of a programming language can be modelled as a natural transformation of a suitable general form, depending on functorial notions of syntax and behaviour, then one gets both an operational model and a canonical, internally fully abstract denotational model for free; moreover, both models satisfy the operational rules. The theory is based on distributive laws and bialgebras; it specialises to the known classes of wellbehaved rules for structural operational semantics, such as GSOS.
HigherOrder Modules and the Phase Distinction
 In Seventeenth ACM Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages
, 1990
"... Typed λcalculus is an important tool in programming language research because it provides an extensible framework for studying language features both in isolation and in their relation to each other. In earlier work we introduced a predicative function calculus, XML, for modeling several ..."
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Cited by 135 (24 self)
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Typed &lambda;calculus is an important tool in programming language research because it provides an extensible framework for studying language features both in isolation and in their relation to each other. In earlier work we introduced a predicative function calculus, XML, for modeling several aspects of the Standard ML type system. Following MacQueen, our study focused on the use of dependent types to represent the modularity constructs of Standard ML. In addition to shedding some light on the tradeoffs between language features, our analysis suggested that the firstorder modules system of ML could be naturally extended to higher orders. However, whereas ML maintains a clear distinction between compiletime and runtime in both its implementation and formal semantics, the XML calculus blurs this distinction. Since static type checking is, in our view, essential to the practical utility of ML, we introduce a refinement of the XML calculus for which type checking is decidable at compile time....
Generic Haskell: practice and theory
 In Generic Programming, Advanced Lectures, volume 2793 of LNCS
, 2003
"... Abstract. Generic Haskell is an extension of Haskell that supports the construction of generic programs. These lecture notes describe the basic constructs of Generic Haskell and highlight the underlying theory. Generic programming aims at making programming more effective by making it more general. ..."
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Abstract. Generic Haskell is an extension of Haskell that supports the construction of generic programs. These lecture notes describe the basic constructs of Generic Haskell and highlight the underlying theory. Generic programming aims at making programming more effective by making it more general. Generic programs often embody nontraditional kinds of polymorphism. Generic Haskell is an extension of Haskell [38] that supports the construction of generic programs. Generic Haskell adds to Haskell the notion of structural polymorphism, the ability to define a function (or a type) by induction on the structure of types. Such a function is generic in the sense that it works not only for a specific type but for a whole class of types. Typical examples include equality, parsing and pretty printing, serialising, ordering, hashing, and so on. The lecture notes on Generic Haskell are organized into two parts. This first part motivates the need for genericity, describes the basic constructs of Generic Haskell, puts Generic Haskell into perspective, and highlights the underlying theory. The second part entitled “Generic Haskell: applications ” delves deeper into the language discussing three nontrivial applications of Generic Haskell: generic dictionaries, compressing XML documents, and a generic version of the zipper data type. The first part is organized as follows. Section 1 provides some background discussing type systems in general and the type system of Haskell in particular. Furthermore, it motivates the basic constructs of Generic Haskell. Section 2 takes a closer look at generic definitions and shows how to define some popular generic functions. Section 3 highlights the theory underlying Generic Haskell and discusses its implementation. Section 4 concludes. 1
Using Parameterized Signatures to Express Modular Structure
 POPL'96
, 1996
"... Module systems are a powerful, practical tool for managing the complexity of large software systems. Previous attempts to formulate a typetheoretic foundation for modular programming have been based on existential, dependent, or manifest types. These approaches can be distinguished by their use of ..."
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Cited by 67 (1 self)
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Module systems are a powerful, practical tool for managing the complexity of large software systems. Previous attempts to formulate a typetheoretic foundation for modular programming have been based on existential, dependent, or manifest types. These approaches can be distinguished by their use of different quantifiers to package the operations that a module exports together with appropriate implementation types. In each case, the underlying type theory is simple and elegant, but significant and sometimes complex extensions are needed to account for features that are im portant in practical systems, such as separate compilation and propagation of type information between modules. This paper presents a simple typetheoretic fi'amework for modular programming using parameterized signatmes. The use of quantifiers is treated as a necessary, but independent concern. Using familiar concepts of polymorphism, the resulting module system is easy to understaud and admits true separate compilation. It is also very powerful, supporting highorder, polymorphic, and firstclass modules without further extension.
Syntax and Semantics of Dependent Types
 Semantics and Logics of Computation
, 1997
"... ion is written as [x: oe]M instead of x: oe:M and application is written M(N) instead of App [x:oe] (M; N ). 1 Iterated abstractions and applications are written [x 1 : oe 1 ; : : : ; x n : oe n ]M and M(N 1 ; : : : ; N n ), respectively. The lacking type information can be inferred. The universe ..."
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Cited by 49 (4 self)
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ion is written as [x: oe]M instead of x: oe:M and application is written M(N) instead of App [x:oe] (M; N ). 1 Iterated abstractions and applications are written [x 1 : oe 1 ; : : : ; x n : oe n ]M and M(N 1 ; : : : ; N n ), respectively. The lacking type information can be inferred. The universe is written Set instead of U . The Eloperator is omitted. For example the \Pitype is described by the following constant and equality declarations (understood in every valid context): ` \Pi : (oe: Set; : (oe)Set)Set ` App : (oe: Set; : (oe)Set; m: \Pi(oe; ); n: oe) (m) ` : (oe: Set; : (oe)Set; m: (x: oe) (x))\Pi(oe; ) oe: Set; : (oe)Set; m: (x: oe) (x); n: oe ` App(oe; ; (oe; ; m); n) = m(n) Notice, how terms with free variables are represented as framework abstractions (in the type of ) and how substitution is represented as framework application (in the type of App and in the equation). In this way the burden of dealing correctly with variables, substitution, and binding is s...
Notes on Sconing and Relators
, 1993
"... This paper describes a semantics of typed lambda calculi based on relations. The main mathematical tool is a categorytheoretic method of sconing, also called glueing or Freyd covers. Its correspondence to logical relations is also examined. 1 Introduction Many modern programming languages feature ..."
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Cited by 29 (0 self)
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This paper describes a semantics of typed lambda calculi based on relations. The main mathematical tool is a categorytheoretic method of sconing, also called glueing or Freyd covers. Its correspondence to logical relations is also examined. 1 Introduction Many modern programming languages feature rather sophisticated typing mechanisms. In particular, languages such as ML include polymorphic data types, which allow considerable programming flexibility. Several notions of polymorphism were introduced into computer science by Strachey [Str67], among them the important notion of parametric polymorphism. Strachey's intuitive definition is that a polymorphic function is parametric if it has a uniformly given algorithm in all types, that is, if the function's behavior is independent of the type at which the function is instantiated. Reynolds [Rey83] proposed a mathematical definition of parametric polymorphic functions by means of invariance with respect to certain relations induced by typ...
A Syntactic Approach to Modularity in Denotational Semantics
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONFERENCE ON CATEGORY THEORY AND COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1993
"... This paper proposes a syntactic reformulation of the modular approach to Denotational Semantics in [Mog89a, Mog91a]. This reformulation is based on a duality between model constructions and translations of theories (often called relative interpretations), analogous to GabrielUlmer duality. To de ..."
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Cited by 27 (5 self)
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This paper proposes a syntactic reformulation of the modular approach to Denotational Semantics in [Mog89a, Mog91a]. This reformulation is based on a duality between model constructions and translations of theories (often called relative interpretations), analogous to GabrielUlmer duality. To demonstrate the simplicity and usability of the syntactic reformulation, we give a sample of theories and translations, which can be used to give semantics to concurrent languages (via translation into suitable metalanguages).
Deliverables: A Categorical Approach to Program Development in Type Theory
, 1992
"... This thesis considers the problem of program correctness within a rich theory of dependent types, the Extended Calculus of Constructions (ECC). This system contains a powerful programming language of higherorder primitive recursion and higherorder intuitionistic logic. It is supported by Pollack&a ..."
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Cited by 25 (1 self)
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This thesis considers the problem of program correctness within a rich theory of dependent types, the Extended Calculus of Constructions (ECC). This system contains a powerful programming language of higherorder primitive recursion and higherorder intuitionistic logic. It is supported by Pollack's versatile LEGO implementation, which I use extensively to develop the mathematical constructions studied here. I systematically investigate Burstall's notion of deliverable, that is, a program paired with a proof of correctness. This approach separates the concerns of programming and logic, since I want a simple program extraction mechanism. The \Sigmatypes of the calculus enable us to achieve this. There are many similarities with the subset interpretation of MartinLof type theory. I show that deliverables have a rich categorical structure, so that correctness proofs may be decomposed in a principled way. The categorical combinators which I define in the system package up much logical bo...