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Prelogical Relations
, 1999
"... this paper but which have some intriguing connections to some of our results and techniques, are [32] and [20]. We believe that the concept of prelogical relation would have a beneficial impact on the presentation and understanding of their results ..."
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this paper but which have some intriguing connections to some of our results and techniques, are [32] and [20]. We believe that the concept of prelogical relation would have a beneficial impact on the presentation and understanding of their results
Algebraic specification and program development by stepwise refinement (Extended Abstract)
 9th international workshop, LOPSTR ’99
, 1999
"... . Various formalizations of the concept of "refinement step" as used in the formal development of programs from algebraic specifications are presented and compared. 1 Introduction Algebraic specification aims to provide a formal basis to support the systematic development of correct pr ..."
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. Various formalizations of the concept of "refinement step" as used in the formal development of programs from algebraic specifications are presented and compared. 1 Introduction Algebraic specification aims to provide a formal basis to support the systematic development of correct programs from specifications by means of verified refinement steps. Obviously, a central piece of the puzzle is how best to formalize concepts like "specification", "program" and "refinement step". Answers are required that are simple, elegant and general and which enjoy useful properties, while at the same time taking proper account of the needs of practice. Here I will concentrate on the last of these concepts, but first I need to deal with the other two. For "program", I take the usual approach of algebraic specification whereby programs are modelled as manysorted algebras consisting of a collection of sets of data values together with functions over those sets. This level of abstraction is commens...
Global Development via Local Observational Construction Steps
, 2002
"... The way that refinement of individual "local" components of a specification relates to development of a "global" system from a specification of requirements is explored. Observational interpretation of specifications and refinements add expressive power and flexibility while brin ..."
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The way that refinement of individual "local" components of a specification relates to development of a "global" system from a specification of requirements is explored. Observational interpretation of specifications and refinements add expressive power and flexibility while bringing in some subtle problems. The results are instantiated in the context of Casl architectural specifications.
Observational interpretation for CASL specifications
 IN PREPARATION
, 2004
"... The way that refinement of individual “local” components of a specification relates to development of a “global” system from a specification of requirements is explored. Observational interpretation of specifications and refinements add expressive power and flexibility while bringing in some subtle ..."
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Cited by 3 (2 self)
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The way that refinement of individual “local” components of a specification relates to development of a “global” system from a specification of requirements is explored. Observational interpretation of specifications and refinements add expressive power and flexibility while bringing in some subtle problems. Our study of these issues is carried out in the context of Casl architectural specifications. We introduce a definition of observational equivalence for Casl models, leading to an observational semantics for architectural specifications for which we prove important properties. Overall, this fulfills the longstanding goal of complementing the standard semantics of Casl specifications with an observational view that supports observational refinement of specifications in combination with Caslstyle architectural design.
A higherorder simulation relation for System F
 Proc. 3rd Intl. Conf. on Foundations of Software Science and Computation Structures. ETAPS 2000
, 2000
"... The notion of data type specification refinement is discussed in a setting of System F and the logic for parametric polymorphism of Plotkin and Abadi. At first order, one gets a notion of specification refinement up to observational equivalence in the logic simply by using Luo's formalism. Thi ..."
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The notion of data type specification refinement is discussed in a setting of System F and the logic for parametric polymorphism of Plotkin and Abadi. At first order, one gets a notion of specification refinement up to observational equivalence in the logic simply by using Luo's formalism. This paper generalises this notion to abstract data types whose signatures contain higherorder and polymorphic functions. At higher order, the tight connection in the logic between the existence of a simulation relation and observational equivalence ostensibly breaks down. We show that an alternative notion of simulation relation is suitable. This also gives a simulation relation in the logic that composes at higher order, thus giving a syntactic logical counterpart to recent advances on the semantic level.
Specification Refinement with System F, The HigherOrder Case
, 2000
"... . A typetheoretic counterpart to the notion of algebraic specification refinement is discussed for abstract data types with higherorder signatures. The typetheoretic setting consists of System F and the logic for parametric polymorphism of Plotkin and Abadi. For firstorder signatures, this setti ..."
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. A typetheoretic counterpart to the notion of algebraic specification refinement is discussed for abstract data types with higherorder signatures. The typetheoretic setting consists of System F and the logic for parametric polymorphism of Plotkin and Abadi. For firstorder signatures, this setting immediately gives a natural notion of specification refinement up to observational equivalence via the notion of simulation relation. Moreover, a proof strategy for proving observational refinements formalised by Bidoit, Hennicker and Wirsing can be soundly imported into the type theory. In lifting these results to the higherorder case, we find it necessary firstly to develop an alternative simulation relation and secondly to extend the parametric PERmodel interpretation, both in such a way as to observe data type abstraction barriers more closely. 1 Introduction One framework in algebraic specification that has particular appeal and applicability is that of stepwise specification refi...
A Generalisation of Prelogical Predicates to Simply Typed Formal Systems
 In ICALP
, 2004
"... We generalise the notion of prelogical predicates [HS02] to arbitrary simply typed formal systems and their categorical models. We establish the basic lemma of prelogical predicates and composability of binary prelogical relations in this generalised setting. This generalisation takes place in ..."
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We generalise the notion of prelogical predicates [HS02] to arbitrary simply typed formal systems and their categorical models. We establish the basic lemma of prelogical predicates and composability of binary prelogical relations in this generalised setting. This generalisation takes place in a categorical framework for typed higherorder abstract syntax and semantics [Fio02,MS03].
The Common Framework Initiative for algebraic specification and development of software
, 1999
"... . The Common Framework Initiative (CoFI) is an open international collaboration which aims to provide a common framework for algebraic specification and development of software. The central element of the Common Framework is a specification language called Casl for formal specification of functiona ..."
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. The Common Framework Initiative (CoFI) is an open international collaboration which aims to provide a common framework for algebraic specification and development of software. The central element of the Common Framework is a specification language called Casl for formal specification of functional requirements and modular software design which subsumes many previous algebraic specification languages. This paper is a brief summary of past and present work on CoFI. 1 Introduction Algebraic specification is one of the most extensivelydeveloped approaches in the formal methods area. The most fundamental assumption underlying algebraic specification is that programs are modelled as manysorted algebras consisting of a collection of sets of data values together with functions over those sets. This level of abstraction is commensurate with the view that the correctness of the input/output behaviour of a program takes precedence over all its other properties. Another common element is tha...
and
"... We study a weakening of the notion of logical relations, called prelogical relations, that has many of the features that make logical relations so useful as well as further algebraic properties including composability. The basic idea is simply to require the reverse implication in the definition of ..."
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We study a weakening of the notion of logical relations, called prelogical relations, that has many of the features that make logical relations so useful as well as further algebraic properties including composability. The basic idea is simply to require the reverse implication in the definition of logical relations to hold only for pairs of functions that are expressible by the same lambda term. Prelogical relations are the minimal weakening of logical relations that gives composability for extensional structures and simultaneously the most liberal definition that gives the Basic Lemma. Prelogical predicates (i.e., unary prelogical relations) coincide with sets that are invariant under Kripke logical relations with varying arity as introduced by Jung and Tiuryn, and prelogical relations are the closure under projection and intersection of logical relations. These conceptually independent characterizations of prelogical relations suggest that the concept is rather intrinsic and robust. The use of prelogical relations gives an improved version of Mitchell’s representation independence theorem which characterizes observational equivalence for all signatures rather than just for firstorder signatures. Prelogical relations can be used in place of logical relations to give an account of data refinement where the fact that prelogical relations compose explains why stepwise refinement is sound.