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12
From Settheoretic Coinduction to Coalgebraic Coinduction: some results, some problems
, 1999
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On the Foundations of Corecursion
 Logic Journal of the IGPL
, 1997
"... We consider foundational questions related to the definition of functions by corecursion. This method is especially suited to functions into the greatest fixed point of some monotone operator, and it is most applicable in the context of nonwellfounded sets. We review the work on the Special Final C ..."
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Cited by 13 (1 self)
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We consider foundational questions related to the definition of functions by corecursion. This method is especially suited to functions into the greatest fixed point of some monotone operator, and it is most applicable in the context of nonwellfounded sets. We review the work on the Special Final Coalgebra Theorem of Aczel [1] and the Corecursion Theorem of Barwise and Moss [4]. We offer a condition weaker than Aczel's condition of uniformity on maps, and then we prove a result relating the operators satisfying the new condition to the smooth operators of [4]. Keywords: corecursion, coalgebra, operator on sets 1 Introduction By a stream of natural numbers we mean a pair hn; si where n 2 N and s is again a stream of natural numbers. Let f : N ! N . Consider the following function which purports to define a function from N into the streams: iter f (n) = hn; iter f f(n)i (1.1) For each n, iter f (n) is a stream, so iter f itself is a function from numbers to streams. This is an examp...
Generalized Coiteration Schemata
, 2003
"... Coiterative functions can be explained categorically as final coalgebraic morphisms, once coinductive types are viewed as final coalgebras. However, the coiteration schema which arises in this way is too rigid to accommodate directly many interesting classes of circular specifications. In this paper ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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Coiterative functions can be explained categorically as final coalgebraic morphisms, once coinductive types are viewed as final coalgebras. However, the coiteration schema which arises in this way is too rigid to accommodate directly many interesting classes of circular specifications. In this paper, building on the notion of T coiteration introduced by the third author and capitalizing on recent work on bialgebras by TuriPlotkin and Bartels, we introduce and illustrate various generalized coiteration patterns. First we show that, by choosing the appropriate monad T , T coiteration captures naturally a wide range of coiteration schemata, such as the duals of primitive recursion and courseofvalue iteration, and mutual coiteration. Then we show that, in the more structured categorical setting of bialgebras, T coiteration captures guarded coiterations schemata, i.e. specifications where recursive calls appear guarded by predefined algebraic operations.
Themes in Final Semantics
 Dipartimento di Informatica, Università di
, 1998
"... C'era una volta un re seduto in canap`e, che disse alla regina raccontami una storia. La regina cominci`o: "C'era una volta un re seduto in canap`e ..."
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Cited by 5 (2 self)
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C'era una volta un re seduto in canap`e, che disse alla regina raccontami una storia. La regina cominci`o: "C'era una volta un re seduto in canap`e
Axiomatic Characterizations of Hyperuniverses and Applications
 University of Southern
, 1996
"... Hyperuniverses are topological structures exhibiting strong closure properties under formation of subsets. They have been used both in Computer Science, for giving denotational semantics `a la Scottde Bakker, and in Mathematical Logic, in order to show the consistency of set theories which do not a ..."
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Cited by 4 (2 self)
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Hyperuniverses are topological structures exhibiting strong closure properties under formation of subsets. They have been used both in Computer Science, for giving denotational semantics `a la Scottde Bakker, and in Mathematical Logic, in order to show the consistency of set theories which do not abide by the "limitation of size" principle. We present correspondences between settheoretic properties and topological properties of hyperuniverses. We give existence theorems and discuss applications and generalizations to the non compact case. Work partially supported by 40% and 60% MURST grants, CNR grants, and EEC Science MASK, and BRA Types 6453 contracts. y Member of GNSAGA of CNR. z The main results of this paper have been communicated by this author at the "11 th Summer Conference on General Topology and Applications" August 1995, Portland, Maine. Introduction Natural frameworks for dicussing Selfreference and other circular phenomena are extremely useful in areas such ...
Coinductive Characterizations of Applicative Structures
 MATH. STRUCTURES IN COMP. SCI. 9(4):403–435
, 1998
"... We discuss new ways of characterizing, as maximal fixed points of monotone operators, observational congruences on terms and, more in general, equivalences on applicative structures. These characterizations naturally induce new forms of coinduction principles, for reasoning on program equivalences, ..."
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Cited by 3 (0 self)
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We discuss new ways of characterizing, as maximal fixed points of monotone operators, observational congruences on terms and, more in general, equivalences on applicative structures. These characterizations naturally induce new forms of coinduction principles, for reasoning on program equivalences, which are not based on Abramsky's applicative bisimulation. We discuss in particular, what we call, the cartesian coinduction principle, which arises when we exploit the elementary observation that functional behaviours can be expressed as cartesian graphs. Using the paradigm of final semantics, the soundness of this principle over an applicative structure can be expressed easily by saying that the applicative structure can be construed as a strongly extensional coalgebra for the functor (P( \Theta )) \Phi (P( \Theta )). In this paper, we present two general methods for showing the soundenss of this principle. The first applies to approximable applicative structures. Many c.p.o. models in...
Final Semantics for the picalculus
, 1998
"... In this paper we discuss final semantics for the calculus, a process algebra which models systems that can dynamically change the topology of the channels. We show that the final semantics paradigm, originated by Aczel and Rutten for CCSlike languages, can be successfully applied also here. This i ..."
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Cited by 2 (2 self)
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In this paper we discuss final semantics for the calculus, a process algebra which models systems that can dynamically change the topology of the channels. We show that the final semantics paradigm, originated by Aczel and Rutten for CCSlike languages, can be successfully applied also here. This is achieved by suitably generalizing the standard techniques so as to accommodate the mechanism of name creation and the behaviour of the binding operators peculiar to the calculus. As a preliminary step, we give a higher order presentation of the calculus using as metalanguage LF , a logical framework based on typed calculus. Such a presentation highlights the nature of the binding operators and elucidates the role of free and bound channels. The final semantics is defined making use of this higher order presentation, within a category of hypersets.
Coalgebraic Semantics of an Imperative Class Based Language
 Dipartimento di Matematica e Infomatica, Universita’ di
, 2003
"... We study two observational equivalences of Fickle programs. Fickle is a classbased object oriented imperative language... ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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We study two observational equivalences of Fickle programs. Fickle is a classbased object oriented imperative language...
Coalgebraic Semantics and Observational Equivalences of an Imperative Classbased OOLanguage
 University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
"... Fickle is a classbased object oriented imperative language, which extends Java with object reclassification. In this paper, we introduce a natural observational equivalence over Fickle programs. This is a contextual equivalence over main methods with respect to a given sequence of class definitio ..."
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Cited by 1 (1 self)
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Fickle is a classbased object oriented imperative language, which extends Java with object reclassification. In this paper, we introduce a natural observational equivalence over Fickle programs. This is a contextual equivalence over main methods with respect to a given sequence of class definitions, i.e. a program. In order to study it, we utilize the formal computational model for OOprogramming based on coalgebras, which has recently emerged, whereby objects are taken to be equal when the actions of methods on them yield the same observations and equivalent next states. However, in order to deal with imperative features, we need to extend the original approach of H.Reichel and B.Jacobs in various ways. In particular, we introduce a coalgebraic description of objects (states of a class), which induces a coinductive behavioural equivalence on programs. For simplicity, we focus on Fickle objects whose methods do not take more than one object parameter as argument. Completeness results as well as problematic issues arising from binary methods are also discussed.
A Complete Coinductive Logical System for Bisimulation Equivalence on Circular Objects
 in FoSSaCS'99 (ETAPS) Conf. Proc., W.Thomas ed., Springer LNCS 1578
, 1983
"... We introduce a coinductive logical system à la Gentzen for establishing bisimulation equivalences on circular nonwellfounded regular objects, inspired by work of Coquand, and of Brandt and Henglein. In order to describe circular objects, we utilize a typed language, whose coinductive types involve ..."
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Cited by 1 (1 self)
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We introduce a coinductive logical system à la Gentzen for establishing bisimulation equivalences on circular nonwellfounded regular objects, inspired by work of Coquand, and of Brandt and Henglein. In order to describe circular objects, we utilize a typed language, whose coinductive types involve disjoint sum, cartesian product, and finite powerset constructors. Our system is shown to be complete with respect to a maximal fixed point semantics. It is shown to be complete also with respect to an equivalent final semantics. In this latter semantics, terms are viewed as points of a coalgebra for a suitable endofunctor on the category Set of nonwellfounded sets. Our system subsumes an axiomatization of regular processes, alternative to the classical one given by Milner.