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39
A Categorical Semantics of Quantum Protocols
 In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LiCS‘04), IEEE Computer Science
"... Quantum information and computation is concerned with the use of quantummechanical systems to carry out computational and informationprocessing tasks [16]. In the few short years that this approach has been studied, a ..."
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Cited by 259 (47 self)
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Quantum information and computation is concerned with the use of quantummechanical systems to carry out computational and informationprocessing tasks [16]. In the few short years that this approach has been studied, a
Geometry of Interaction and Linear Combinatory Algebras
, 2000
"... this paper was quite di#erent, stemming from the axiomatics of categories of tangles (although the authors were aware of possible connections to iteration theories. In fact, similar axiomatics in the symmetric case, motivated by flowcharts and "flownomials" had been developed some years ea ..."
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Cited by 66 (11 self)
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this paper was quite di#erent, stemming from the axiomatics of categories of tangles (although the authors were aware of possible connections to iteration theories. In fact, similar axiomatics in the symmetric case, motivated by flowcharts and "flownomials" had been developed some years earlier by Stefanescu (Stefanescu 2000).) However, the first author realized, following a stimulating discussion with Gordon Plotkin, that traced monoidal categories provided a common denominator for the axiomatics of both the Girardstyle and AbramskyJagadeesanstyle versions of the Geometry of Interaction, at the basic level of the multiplicatives. This insight was presented in (Abramsky 1996), in which Girardstyle GoI was dubbed "particlestyle", since it concerns information particles or tokens flowing around a network, while the AbramskyJagadeesan style GoI was dubbed "wavestyle", since it concerns the evolution of a global information state or "wave". Formally, this distinction is based on whether the tensor product (i.e. the symmetric monoidal structure) in the underlying category is interpreted as a coproduct (particle style) or as a product (wave style). This computational distinction between coproduct and product interpretations of the same underlying network geometry turned out to have been partially anticipated, in a rather di#erent context, in a pioneering paper by E. S. Bainbridge (Bainbridge 1976), as observed by Dusko Pavlovic. These two forms of interpretation, and ways of combining them, have also been studied recently in (Stefanescu 2000). He uses the terminology "additive" for coproductbased (i.e. our "particlestyle") and "multiplicative" for productbased (i.e. our "wavestyle"); this is not suitable for our purposes, because of the clash with Linear Logic term...
Complementarity in categorical quantum mechanics
, 2010
"... We relate notions of complementarity in three layers of quantum mechanics: (i) von Neumann algebras, (ii) Hilbert spaces, and (iii) orthomodular lattices. Taking a more general categorical perspective of which the above are instances, we consider dagger monoidal kernel categories for (ii), so that ( ..."
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Cited by 23 (7 self)
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We relate notions of complementarity in three layers of quantum mechanics: (i) von Neumann algebras, (ii) Hilbert spaces, and (iii) orthomodular lattices. Taking a more general categorical perspective of which the above are instances, we consider dagger monoidal kernel categories for (ii), so that (i) become (sub)endohomsets and (iii) become subobject lattices. By developing a ‘pointfree’ definition of copyability we link (i) commutative von Neumann subalgebras, (ii) classical structures, and (iii) Boolean subalgebras.
LTL types FRP: Lineartime temporal logic propositions as types, proofs as functional reactive programs
 In Proc. ACM Workshop Programming Languages meets Program Verification
, 2012
"... Functional Reactive Programming (FRP) is a form of reactive programming whose model is pure functions over signals. FRP is often expressed in terms of arrows with loops, which is the type class for a Freyd category (that is a premonoidal category with a cartesian centre) equipped with a premonoid ..."
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Cited by 14 (3 self)
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Functional Reactive Programming (FRP) is a form of reactive programming whose model is pure functions over signals. FRP is often expressed in terms of arrows with loops, which is the type class for a Freyd category (that is a premonoidal category with a cartesian centre) equipped with a premonoidal trace. This type system suffices to define the dataflow structure of a reactive program, but does not express its temporal properties. In this paper, we show that Lineartime Temporal Logic (LTL) is a natural extension of the type system for FRP, which constrains the temporal behaviour of reactive programs. We show that a constructive LTL can be defined in a dependently typed functional language, and that reactive programs form proofs of constructive LTL properties. In particular, implication in LTL gives rise to stateless functions on streams, and the “constrains ” modality gives rise to causal functions. We show that reactive programs form a partially traced monoidal category, and hence can be given as a form of arrows with loops, where the type system enforces that only decoupled functions can be looped.
Duality for Labelled Markov Processes
"... Labelled Markov processes (LMPs) are automata whose transitions are given by probability distributions. In this paper we present a `universal' LMP as the spectrum of a commutative C # algebra consisting of formal linear combinations of labelled trees. We characterize the state space of the ..."
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Cited by 13 (1 self)
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Labelled Markov processes (LMPs) are automata whose transitions are given by probability distributions. In this paper we present a `universal' LMP as the spectrum of a commutative C # algebra consisting of formal linear combinations of labelled trees. We characterize the state space of the universal LMP as the set of homomorphims from an ordered commutative monoid of labelled trees into the multiplicative unit interval. This yields a simple semantics for LMPs which is fully abstract with respect to probabilistic bisimilarity. We also consider LMPs with entry points and exit points in the setting of iteration theories. We define an iteration theory of LMPs by specifying its categorical dual: a certain category of C*algebras. We find that the basic operations for composing LMPs have simple definitions in the dual category.
Highlevel methods for quantum computation and information
 In Proceedings of the 19th Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
, 2004
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Quantum informationflow, concretely, abstractly
 PROC. QPL 2004
, 2004
"... These ‘lecture notes ’ are based on joint work with Samson Abramsky. I will survey and informally discuss the results of [3, 4, 5, 12, 13] in a pedestrian not too technical way. These include: • ‘The logic of entanglement’, that is, the identification and abstract axiomatization of the ‘quantum info ..."
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Cited by 12 (5 self)
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These ‘lecture notes ’ are based on joint work with Samson Abramsky. I will survey and informally discuss the results of [3, 4, 5, 12, 13] in a pedestrian not too technical way. These include: • ‘The logic of entanglement’, that is, the identification and abstract axiomatization of the ‘quantum informationflow ’ which enables protocols such as quantum teleportation. 1 To this means we defined strongly compact closed categories which abstractly capture the behavioral properties of quantum entanglement. • ‘Postulates for an abstract quantum formalism ’ in which classical informationflow (e.g. token exchange) is part of the formalism. As an example, we provided a purely formal description of quantum teleportation and proved correctness in abstract generality. 2 In this formalism types reflect kinds, contra the essentially typeless von Neumann formalism [25]. Hence even concretely this formalism manifestly improves on the usual one. • ‘A highlevel approach to quantum informatics’. 3 Indeed, the above discussed work can be conceived as aiming to solve: von Neumann quantum formalism � highlevel language lowlevel language. I also provide a brief discussion on how classical and quantum uncertainty can be mixed in the above formalism (cf. density matrices). 4
Probabilistic Relations
 School of Computer Science, McGill University, Montreal
, 1998
"... The notion of binary relation is fundamental in logic. What is the correct analogue of this concept in the probabilistic case? I will argue that the notion of conditional probability distribution (Markov kernel, stochastic kernel) is the correct generalization. One can define a category based on sto ..."
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Cited by 8 (0 self)
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The notion of binary relation is fundamental in logic. What is the correct analogue of this concept in the probabilistic case? I will argue that the notion of conditional probability distribution (Markov kernel, stochastic kernel) is the correct generalization. One can define a category based on stochastic kernels which has many of the formal properties of the ordinary category of relations. Using this concept I will show how to define iteration in this category and give a simple treatment of Kozen's language of while loops and probabilistic choice. I will use the concept of stochastic relation to introduce some of the ongoing joint work with Edalat and Desharnais on Labeled Markov Processes. In my talk I will assume that people do not know what partially additive categories are but that they do know basic category theory and basic notions like measure and probability. This work is mainly due to Kozen, Giry, Lawvere and others. 1 Introduction The notion of binary relation and relation...
Towards a typed geometry of interaction
, 2005
"... We introduce a typed version of Girard’s Geometry of Interaction, called Multiobject GoI (MGoI) semantics. We give an MGoI interpretation for multiplicative linear logic (MLL) without units which applies to new kinds of models, including finite dimensional vector spaces. For MGoI (i) we develop a v ..."
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Cited by 8 (2 self)
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We introduce a typed version of Girard’s Geometry of Interaction, called Multiobject GoI (MGoI) semantics. We give an MGoI interpretation for multiplicative linear logic (MLL) without units which applies to new kinds of models, including finite dimensional vector spaces. For MGoI (i) we develop a version of partial traces and trace ideals (related to previous work of Abramsky, Blute, and Panangaden); (ii) we do not require the existence of a reflexive object for our interpretation (the original GoI 1 and 2 were untyped and hence involved a bureaucracy of domain equation isomorphisms); (iii) we introduce an abstract notion of orthogonality (related to work of Hyland and Schalk) and use this to develop a version of Girard’s theory of types, datum and algorithms in our setting, (iv) we prove appropriate Soundness and Completeness Theorems for our interpretations in partially traced categories with orthogonality; (v) we end with an application to completeness of (the original) untyped GoI in a unique decomposition category.
Involutive categories and monoids, with a GNScorrespondence
 In Quantum Physics and Logic (QPL
, 2010
"... This paper develops the basics of the theory of involutive categories and shows that such categories provide the natural setting in which to describe involutive monoids. It is shown how categories of EilenbergMoore algebras of involutive monads are involutive, with conjugation for modules and vecto ..."
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Cited by 7 (5 self)
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This paper develops the basics of the theory of involutive categories and shows that such categories provide the natural setting in which to describe involutive monoids. It is shown how categories of EilenbergMoore algebras of involutive monads are involutive, with conjugation for modules and vector spaces as special case. The core of the socalled GelfandNaimarkSegal (GNS) construction is identified as a bijective correspondence between states on involutive monoids and inner products. This correspondence exists in arbritrary involutive symmetric monoidal categories. 1