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432
Decimation of triangle meshes
 Computer Graphics (SIGGRAPH '92 Proceedings
, 1992
"... The polygon remains a popular graphics primitive for computer graphics application. Besides having a simple representation, computer rendering of polygons is widely supported by commercial graphics hardware and software. ..."
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Cited by 645 (2 self)
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The polygon remains a popular graphics primitive for computer graphics application. Besides having a simple representation, computer rendering of polygons is widely supported by commercial graphics hardware and software.
Reconstruction and Representation of 3D Objects with Radial Basis Functions
 Computer Graphics (SIGGRAPH ’01 Conf. Proc.), pages 67–76. ACM SIGGRAPH
, 2001
"... We use polyharmonic Radial Basis Functions (RBFs) to reconstruct smooth, manifold surfaces from pointcloud data and to repair incomplete meshes. An object's surface is defined implicitly as the zero set of an RBF fitted to the given surface data. Fast methods for fitting and evaluating RBFs al ..."
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Cited by 501 (1 self)
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We use polyharmonic Radial Basis Functions (RBFs) to reconstruct smooth, manifold surfaces from pointcloud data and to repair incomplete meshes. An object's surface is defined implicitly as the zero set of an RBF fitted to the given surface data. Fast methods for fitting and evaluating RBFs allow us to model large data sets, consisting of millions of surface points, by a single RBFpreviously an impossible task. A greedy algorithm in the fitting process reduces the number of RBF centers required to represent a surface and results in significant compression and further computational advantages. The energyminimisation characterisation of polyharmonic splines result in a "smoothest" interpolant. This scaleindependent characterisation is wellsuited to reconstructing surfaces from nonuniformly sampled data. Holes are smoothly filled and surfaces smoothly extrapolated. We use a noninterpolating approximation when the data is noisy. The functional representation is in effect a solid model, which means that gradients and surface normals can be determined analytically. This helps generate uniform meshes and we show that the RBF representation has advantages for mesh simplification and remeshing applications. Results are presented for realworld rangefinder data.
Volume Rendering
, 1988
"... A technique for rendering images Of volumes containing mixtures of materials is presented. The shading model allows both the interior of a material and the boundary between materials to be colored. Image projection is performed by simulating the absorption of light along the ray path to the eye. The ..."
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Cited by 446 (2 self)
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A technique for rendering images Of volumes containing mixtures of materials is presented. The shading model allows both the interior of a material and the boundary between materials to be colored. Image projection is performed by simulating the absorption of light along the ray path to the eye. The algorithms used are designed to avoid artifacts caused by aliasing and quantization and can be efficiently implemented on an image computer. Images from a variety of applications are shown.
Practical animation of liquids
 Graphical Models and Image Processing
, 1996
"... We present a comprehensive methodology for realistically animating liquid phenomena. Our approach unifies existing computer graphics techniques for simulating fluids and extends them by incorporating more complex behavior. It is based on the NavierStokes equations which couple momentum and mass con ..."
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Cited by 442 (26 self)
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We present a comprehensive methodology for realistically animating liquid phenomena. Our approach unifies existing computer graphics techniques for simulating fluids and extends them by incorporating more complex behavior. It is based on the NavierStokes equations which couple momentum and mass conservation to completely describe fluid motion. Our starting point is an environment containing an arbitrary distribution of fluid, and submerged or semisubmerged obstacles. Velocity and pressure are defined everywhere within this environment, and updated using a set of finite difference expressions. The resulting vector and scalar fields are used to drive a height field equation representing the liquid surface. The nature of the coupling between obstacles in the environment and free variables allows for the simulation of a wide range of effects that were not possible with previous computergraphics fluid models. Wave effects such as reflection, refraction and diffraction, as well as rotational effects such as eddies, vorticity, and splashing are a natural consequence of solving the system. In addition, the Lagrange equations of motion are used to place buoyant dynamic objects into a scene, and track the position of spray and foam during the animation process. Typical disadvantages to dynamic simulations such as poor scalability and lack of control are addressed by assuming that stationary obstacles align with grid cells during the finite difference discretization, and by appending terms to the NavierStokes equations to include forcing functions. Free surfaces in our system are represented as either a collection of massless particles in 2D, or a height field which is suitable for many of the water rendering algorithms presented by researchers in recent years.
Octrees for faster isosurface generation
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING
, 2000
"... The large size of many volume data sets often prevents visualization algorithms from providing interactive rendering. The use of hierarchical data structures can ameliorate this problem by storing summary information to prevent useless exploration of regions of little or no current interest within ..."
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Cited by 323 (3 self)
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The large size of many volume data sets often prevents visualization algorithms from providing interactive rendering. The use of hierarchical data structures can ameliorate this problem by storing summary information to prevent useless exploration of regions of little or no current interest within the volume. This paper discusses research into the use of the octree hierarchical data structure when the regions of current interest can vary during the application, and are not known a priori. Octrees are well suited to the sixsided cell structure of many volumes. A new spaceefficient design is introduced for octree representations of volumes whose resolutions are not conveniently a power of two; octrees following this design are called branchonneed octrees (BONOs). Also, a caching method is described that essentially passes information between octree neighbors whose visitation times may be quite different, then discards it when its useful life is over. Using the application of octrees to isosurface generation as a focus, space and time comparisons for octreebased versus more traditional "marching" methods are presented.
Dual Contouring of Hermite Data
, 2002
"... This paper describes a new method for contouring a signed grid whose edges are tagged by Hermite data (exact intersection points and normals). This method avoids the need to explicitly identify and process "features" as required in previous Hermite contouring methods. We extend this contou ..."
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Cited by 263 (17 self)
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This paper describes a new method for contouring a signed grid whose edges are tagged by Hermite data (exact intersection points and normals). This method avoids the need to explicitly identify and process "features" as required in previous Hermite contouring methods. We extend this contouring method to the case of multisigned functions and demonstrate how to model textured contours using multisigned functions. Using a new, numerically stable representation for quadratic error functions, we develop an octreebased method for simplifying these contours and their textured regions. We next extend our contouring method to these simplified octrees. This new method imposes no constraints on the octree (such as being a restricted octree) and requires no "crack patching". We conclude with a simple test for preserving the topology of both the contour and its textured regions during simplification.
Using Particles to Sample and Control Implicit Surfaces
, 1994
"... We present a new particlebased approach to sampling and controlling implicit surfaces. A simple constraint locks a set of particles onto a surface while the particles and the surface move. We use the constraint to make surfaces follow particles, and to make particles follow surfaces. We implement c ..."
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Cited by 257 (3 self)
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We present a new particlebased approach to sampling and controlling implicit surfaces. A simple constraint locks a set of particles onto a surface while the particles and the surface move. We use the constraint to make surfaces follow particles, and to make particles follow surfaces. We implement control points for direct manipulation by specifying particle motions, then solving for surface motion that maintains the constraint. For sampling and rendering, we run the constraint in the other direction, creating floater particles that roam freely over the surface. Local repulsion is used to make floaters spread evenly across the surface. By varying the radius of repulsion adaptively, and fissioning or killing particles based on the local density, we can achieve good sampling distributions very rapidly, and maintain them even in the face of rapid and extreme deformations and changes in surface topology. CR Categories: I.3.5 [Computer Graphics]: Computational Geometry and Object Modeling:...
Fast Computation of Generalized Voronoi Diagrams Using Graphics Hardware
, 1999
"... We present a new approach for computing generalized 2D and 3D Voronoi diagrams using interpolationbased polygon rasterization hardware. We compute a discrete Voronoi diagram by rendering a three dimensional distance mesh for each Voronoi site. The polygonal mesh is a boundederror approximation of ..."
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Cited by 234 (26 self)
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We present a new approach for computing generalized 2D and 3D Voronoi diagrams using interpolationbased polygon rasterization hardware. We compute a discrete Voronoi diagram by rendering a three dimensional distance mesh for each Voronoi site. The polygonal mesh is a boundederror approximation of a (possibly) nonlinear function of the distance between a site and a 2D planar grid of sample points. For each sample point, we compute the closest site and the distance to that site using polygon scanconversion and the Zbuffer depth comparison. We construct distance meshes for points, line segments, polygons, polyhedra, curves, and curved surfaces in 2D and 3D. We generalize to weighted and farthestsite Voronoi diagrams, and present efficient techniques for computing the Voronoi boundaries, Voronoi neighbors, and the Delaunay triangulation of points. We also show how to adaptively refine the solution through a simple windowing operation. The algorithm has been implemented on SGI workstations and PCs using OpenGL, and applied to complex datasets. We demonstrate the application of our algorithm to fast motion planning in static and dynamic environments, selection in complex userinterfaces, and creation of dynamic mosaic effects.
Survey of Polygonal Surface Simplification Algorithms
, 1997
"... This paper surveys methods for simplifying and approximating polygonal surfaces. A polygonal surface is a piecewiselinear surface in 3D defined by a set of polygons ..."
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Cited by 229 (3 self)
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This paper surveys methods for simplifying and approximating polygonal surfaces. A polygonal surface is a piecewiselinear surface in 3D defined by a set of polygons
Multilevel Partition of Unity Implicits
 ACM TRANSACTIONS ON GRAPHICS
, 2003
"... We present a shape representation, the multilevel partition of unity implicit surface, that allows us to construct surface models from very large sets of points. There are three key ingredients to our approach: 1) piecewise quadratic functions that capture the local shape of the surface, 2) weighti ..."
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Cited by 217 (8 self)
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We present a shape representation, the multilevel partition of unity implicit surface, that allows us to construct surface models from very large sets of points. There are three key ingredients to our approach: 1) piecewise quadratic functions that capture the local shape of the surface, 2) weighting functions (the partitions of unity) that blend together these local shape functions, and 3) an octree subdivision method that adapts to variations in the complexity of the local shape. Our approach