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306
Data structures for mobile data
 JOURNAL OF ALGORITHMS
, 1997
"... A kinetic data structure (KDS) maintains an attribute of interest in a system of geometric objects undergoing continuous motion. In this paper we develop a conceptual framework for kinetic data structures, propose a number of criteria for the quality of such structures, and describe a number of fund ..."
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Cited by 231 (50 self)
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A kinetic data structure (KDS) maintains an attribute of interest in a system of geometric objects undergoing continuous motion. In this paper we develop a conceptual framework for kinetic data structures, propose a number of criteria for the quality of such structures, and describe a number of fundamental techniques for their design. We illustrate these general concepts by presenting kinetic data structures for maintaining the convex hull and the closest pair of moving points in the plane; these structures behavewell according to the proposed quality criteria for KDSs.
Indexing moving points
, 2003
"... We propose three indexing schemes for storing a set S of N points in the plane, each moving along a linear trajectory, so that any query of the following form can be answered quickly: Given a rectangle R and a real value t; report all K points of S that lie inside R at time t: We first present an in ..."
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Cited by 169 (13 self)
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We propose three indexing schemes for storing a set S of N points in the plane, each moving along a linear trajectory, so that any query of the following form can be answered quickly: Given a rectangle R and a real value t; report all K points of S that lie inside R at time t: We first present an indexing structure that, for any given constant e> 0; uses OðN=BÞ disk blocks and answers a query in OððN=BÞ 1=2þe þ K=BÞ I/Os, where B is the block size. It can also report all the points of S that lie inside R during a given time interval. A point can be inserted or deleted, or the trajectory of a point can be changed, in Oðlog 2 B NÞ I/Os. Next, we present a general approach that improves the query time if the queries arrive in chronological order, by allowing the index to evolve over time. We obtain a tradeoff between the query time and the number of times the index needs to be updated as the points move. We also describe an indexing scheme in which the number of I/Os required to answer a query depends monotonically on the difference between the query time stamp t and the current time. Finally, we develop an efficient indexing scheme to answer approximate
Efficient algorithms for geometric optimization
 ACM Comput. Surv
, 1998
"... We review the recent progress in the design of efficient algorithms for various problems in geometric optimization. We present several techniques used to attack these problems, such as parametric searching, geometric alternatives to parametric searching, pruneandsearch techniques for linear progra ..."
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Cited by 93 (12 self)
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We review the recent progress in the design of efficient algorithms for various problems in geometric optimization. We present several techniques used to attack these problems, such as parametric searching, geometric alternatives to parametric searching, pruneandsearch techniques for linear programming and related problems, and LPtype problems and their efficient solution. We then describe a variety of applications of these and other techniques to numerous problems in geometric optimization, including facility location, proximity problems, statistical estimators and metrology, placement and intersection of polygons and polyhedra, and ray shooting and other querytype problems.
Kinetic Data Structures  A State of the Art Report
, 1998
"... ... In this paper we present a general framework for addressing such problems and the tools for designing and analyzing relevant algorithms, which we call kinetic data structures. We discuss kinetic data structures for a variety of fundamental geometric problems, such as the maintenance of convex hu ..."
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Cited by 90 (27 self)
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... In this paper we present a general framework for addressing such problems and the tools for designing and analyzing relevant algorithms, which we call kinetic data structures. We discuss kinetic data structures for a variety of fundamental geometric problems, such as the maintenance of convex hulls, Voronoi and Delaunay diagrams, closest pairs, and intersection and visibility problems. We also briefly address the issues that arise in implementing such structures robustly and efficiently. The resulting techniques satisfy three desirable properties: (1) they exploit the continuity of the motion of the objects to gain efficiency, (2) the number of events processed by the algorithms is close to the minimum necessary in the worst case, and (3) any object may change its `flight plan' at any moment with a low cost update to the simulation data structures. For computer applications dealing with motion in the physical world, kinetic data structures lead to simulation performance unattainable by other means. In addition, they raise fundamentally new combinatorial and algorithmic questions whose study may prove fruitful for other disciplines as well.
Arrangements and Their Applications
 Handbook of Computational Geometry
, 1998
"... The arrangement of a finite collection of geometric objects is the decomposition of the space into connected cells induced by them. We survey combinatorial and algorithmic properties of arrangements of arcs in the plane and of surface patches in higher dimensions. We present many applications of arr ..."
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Cited by 75 (20 self)
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The arrangement of a finite collection of geometric objects is the decomposition of the space into connected cells induced by them. We survey combinatorial and algorithmic properties of arrangements of arcs in the plane and of surface patches in higher dimensions. We present many applications of arrangements to problems in motion planning, visualization, range searching, molecular modeling, and geometric optimization. Some results involving planar arrangements of arcs have been presented in a companion chapter in this book, and are extended in this chapter to higher dimensions. Work by P.A. was supported by Army Research Office MURI grant DAAH049610013, by a Sloan fellowship, by an NYI award, and by a grant from the U.S.Israeli Binational Science Foundation. Work by M.S. was supported by NSF Grants CCR9122103 and CCR9311127, by a MaxPlanck Research Award, and by grants from the U.S.Israeli Binational Science Foundation, the Israel Science Fund administered by the Israeli Ac...
On approximating the depth and related problems
 SIAM J. Comput
"... We study the question of finding a deepest point in an arrangement of regions, and provide a fast algorithm for this problem using random sampling, showing it sufficient to solve this problem when the deepest point is shallow. This implies, among other results, a fast algorithm for solving linear pr ..."
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Cited by 62 (11 self)
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We study the question of finding a deepest point in an arrangement of regions, and provide a fast algorithm for this problem using random sampling, showing it sufficient to solve this problem when the deepest point is shallow. This implies, among other results, a fast algorithm for solving linear programming with violations approximately. We also use this technique to approximate the disk covering the largest number of red points, while avoiding all the blue points, given two such sets in the plane. Using similar techniques imply that approximate range counting queries have roughly the same time and space complexity as emptiness range queries. 1
New Bounds for Lower Envelopes in Three Dimensions, with Applications to Visibility in Terrains
 Geom
, 1997
"... We consider the problem of bounding the complexity of the lower envelope of n surface patches in 3space, all algebraic of constant maximum degree, and bounded by algebraic arcs of constant maximum degree, with the additional property that the interiors of any triple of these surfaces intersect i ..."
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Cited by 59 (25 self)
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We consider the problem of bounding the complexity of the lower envelope of n surface patches in 3space, all algebraic of constant maximum degree, and bounded by algebraic arcs of constant maximum degree, with the additional property that the interiors of any triple of these surfaces intersect in at most two points. We show that the number of vertices on the lower envelope of n such surface patches is O(n 2 \Delta 2 c p log n ), for some constant c depending on the shape and degree of the surface patches. We apply this result to obtain an upper bound on the combinatorial complexity of the `lower envelope' of the space of all rays in 3space that lie above a given polyhedral terrain K with n edges. This envelope consists of all rays that touch the terrain (but otherwise lie above it). We show that the combinatorial complexity of this rayenvelope is O(n 3 \Delta 2 c p log n ) for some constant c; in particular, there are at most that many rays that pass above th...
Improved Approximation Algorithms for Geometric Set Cover
, 2005
"... Given a collection S of subsets of some set U, and M ⊂ U, the set cover problem is to find the smallest subcollection C ⊂ S such that M is a subset of the union of the sets in C. While the general problem is NPhard to solve, even approximately, here we consider some geometric special cases, where u ..."
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Cited by 55 (5 self)
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Given a collection S of subsets of some set U, and M ⊂ U, the set cover problem is to find the smallest subcollection C ⊂ S such that M is a subset of the union of the sets in C. While the general problem is NPhard to solve, even approximately, here we consider some geometric special cases, where usually U = ℜ d. Extending prior results[BG95], we show that approximation algorithms with provable performance exist, under a certain general condition: that for a random subset R ⊂ S and function f(), there is a decomposition of the complement U \ ∪Y∈RY into an expected f(R) regions, each region of a particular simple form. We show that under this condition, a cover of size O(f(C)) can be found. Our proof involves the generalization of shallow cuttings [Mat92] to more general geometric situations. We obtain constantfactor approximation algorithms for covering by unit cubes in ℜ³, for guarding a onedimensional terrain, and for covering by similarsized fat triangles in ℜ². We also obtain improved approximation guarantees for fat triangles, of arbitrary size, and for a class of fat objects.
Vertical decomposition of shallow levels in 3dimensional arrangements and its applications
 SIAM J. Comput
"... Let F be a collection of n bivariate algebraic functions of constant maximum degree. We show that the combinatorial complexity of the vertical decomposition of the ≤klevel of the arrangement A(F) is O(k 3+ε ψ(n/k)), for any ε> 0, where ψ(r) is the maximum complexity of the lower envelope of a subse ..."
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Cited by 54 (13 self)
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Let F be a collection of n bivariate algebraic functions of constant maximum degree. We show that the combinatorial complexity of the vertical decomposition of the ≤klevel of the arrangement A(F) is O(k 3+ε ψ(n/k)), for any ε> 0, where ψ(r) is the maximum complexity of the lower envelope of a subset of at most r functions of F. This bound is nearly optimal in the worst case, and implies the existence of shallow cuttings, in the sense of [52], of small size in arrangements of bivariate algebraic functions. We also present numerous applications of these results, including: (i) data structures for several generalized threedimensional rangesearching problems; (ii) dynamic data structures for planar nearest and farthestneighbor searching under various fairly general distance functions; (iii) an improved (nearquadratic) algorithm for minimumweight bipartite Euclidean matching in the plane; and (iv) efficient algorithms for certain geometric optimization problems in static and dynamic settings.
Anisotropic Voronoi Diagrams and GuaranteedQuality Anisotropic Mesh Generation
 in SCG ’03: Proceedings of the nineteenth annual symposium on Computational geometry
, 2003
"... We introduce anisotropic Voronoi diagrams, a generalization of multiplicatively weighted Voronoi diagrams suitable for generating guaranteedquality meshes of domains in which long, skinny triangles are required, and where the desired anisotropy varies over the domain. We discuss properties of aniso ..."
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Cited by 48 (2 self)
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We introduce anisotropic Voronoi diagrams, a generalization of multiplicatively weighted Voronoi diagrams suitable for generating guaranteedquality meshes of domains in which long, skinny triangles are required, and where the desired anisotropy varies over the domain. We discuss properties of anisotropic Voronoi diagrams of arbitrary dimensionalitymost notably circumstances in which a site can see its entire Voronoi cell. In two dimensions, the anisotropic Voronoi diagram dualizes to a triangulation under these same circumstances. We use these properties to develop an algorithm for anisotropic triangular mesh generation in which no triangle has an angle smaller than 20 # , as measured from the skewed perspective of any point in the triangle.