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LEAST TOTIENT IN A RESIDUE CLASS
 BULL. LONDON MATH. SOC. 39 (2007) 425–432
, 2007
"... For a given residue class a (mod m) with gcd(a, m) = 1, upper bounds are obtained on the smallest value of n with ϕ(n) ≡ a (mod m). Here, as usual ϕ(n) denotes the Euler function. These bounds complement a result of W. Narkiewicz on the asymptotic uniformity of distribution of values of the Euler ..."
Abstract

Cited by 4 (2 self)
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For a given residue class a (mod m) with gcd(a, m) = 1, upper bounds are obtained on the smallest value of n with ϕ(n) ≡ a (mod m). Here, as usual ϕ(n) denotes the Euler function. These bounds complement a result of W. Narkiewicz on the asymptotic uniformity of distribution of values of the Euler function in reduced residue classes modulo m. Some discussion and results are also given for classes with gcd(a, m)>1, in which case such n do not always exist, and also on the related problem for ‘cototients’.
Compositions with the Euler and Carmichael Functions
"... Abstract. Let ϕ and λ be the Euler and Carmichael functions, respectively. In this paper, we establish lower and upper bounds for the number of positive integers n ≤ x such that ϕ(λ(n)) = λ(ϕ(n)). We also study the normal order of the function ϕ(λ(n))/λ(ϕ(n)). 1 ..."
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Abstract. Let ϕ and λ be the Euler and Carmichael functions, respectively. In this paper, we establish lower and upper bounds for the number of positive integers n ≤ x such that ϕ(λ(n)) = λ(ϕ(n)). We also study the normal order of the function ϕ(λ(n))/λ(ϕ(n)). 1
Residue Classes Having Tardy Totients
, 2008
"... We show, in an effective way, that there exists a sequence of congruence classes ak (mod mk) such that the minimal solution n = nk of the congruence φ(n) ≡ ak (mod mk) exists and satisfies log nk/log mk → ∞ as k → ∞. Here, φ(n) is the Euler function. This answers a question raised in [3]. We also s ..."
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We show, in an effective way, that there exists a sequence of congruence classes ak (mod mk) such that the minimal solution n = nk of the congruence φ(n) ≡ ak (mod mk) exists and satisfies log nk/log mk → ∞ as k → ∞. Here, φ(n) is the Euler function. This answers a question raised in [3]. We also show that every congruence class containing an even integer contains infinitely many values of the Carmichael function λ(n) and the least such n satisfies n ≪ m 13. 1