Results 1  10
of
27
Nominal Logic: A First Order Theory of Names and Binding
 Information and Computation
, 2001
"... This paper formalises within firstorder logic some common practices in computer science to do with representing and reasoning about syntactical structures involving named bound variables (as opposed to nameless terms, explicit substitutions, or higher order abstract syntax). It introduces Nominal L ..."
Abstract

Cited by 161 (15 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper formalises within firstorder logic some common practices in computer science to do with representing and reasoning about syntactical structures involving named bound variables (as opposed to nameless terms, explicit substitutions, or higher order abstract syntax). It introduces Nominal Logic, a version of firstorder manysorted logic with equality containing primitives for renaming via nameswapping and for freshness of names, from which a notion of binding can be derived. Its axioms express...
Unification under a mixed prefix
 Journal of Symbolic Computation
, 1992
"... Unification problems are identified with conjunctions of equations between simply typed λterms where free variables in the equations can be universally or existentially quantified. Two schemes for simplifying quantifier alternation, called Skolemization and raising (a dual of Skolemization), are pr ..."
Abstract

Cited by 124 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Unification problems are identified with conjunctions of equations between simply typed λterms where free variables in the equations can be universally or existentially quantified. Two schemes for simplifying quantifier alternation, called Skolemization and raising (a dual of Skolemization), are presented. In this setting where variables of functional type can be quantified and not all types contain closed terms, the naive generalization of firstorder Skolemization has several technical problems that are addressed. The method of searching for preunifiers described by Huet is easily extended to the mixed prefix setting, although solving flexibleflexible unification problems is undecidable since types may be empty. Unification problems may have numerous incomparable unifiers. Occasionally, unifiers share common factors and several of these are presented. Various optimizations on the general unification search problem are as discussed. 1.
Efficient Representation and Validation of Proofs
, 1998
"... This paper presents a logical framework derived from the Edinburgh Logical Framework (LF) [5] that can be used to obtain compact representations of proofs and efficient proof checkers. These are essential ingredients of any application that manipulates proofs as firstclass objects, such as a Proof ..."
Abstract

Cited by 61 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper presents a logical framework derived from the Edinburgh Logical Framework (LF) [5] that can be used to obtain compact representations of proofs and efficient proof checkers. These are essential ingredients of any application that manipulates proofs as firstclass objects, such as a ProofCarrying Code [11] system, in which proofs are used to allow the easy validation of properties of safetycritical or untrusted code. Our framework, which we call LF i , inherits from LF the capability to encode various logics in a natural way. In addition, the LF i framework allows proof representations without the high degree of redundancy that is characteristic of LF representations. The missing parts of LF i proof representations can be reconstructed during proof checking by an efficient reconstruction algorithm. We also describe an algorithm that can be used to strip the unnecessary parts of an LF representation of a proof. The experimental data that we gathered in the context of a Proof...
Efficient Representation and Validation of Logical Proofs
, 1997
"... This report describes a framework for representing and validating formal proofs in various axiomatic systems. The framework is based on the Edinburgh Logical Framework (LF) but is optimized for minimizing the size of proofs and the complexity of proof validation, by removing redundant representation ..."
Abstract

Cited by 45 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This report describes a framework for representing and validating formal proofs in various axiomatic systems. The framework is based on the Edinburgh Logical Framework (LF) but is optimized for minimizing the size of proofs and the complexity of proof validation, by removing redundant representation components. Several variants of representation algorithms are presented with the resulting representations being a factor of 15 smaller than similar LF representations. The validation algorithm is a reconstruction algorithm that runs about 7 times faster than LF typechecking. We present a full proof of correctness of the reconstruction algorithm and hints for the efficient implementation using explicit substitutions. We conclude with a quantitative analysis of the algorithms. This research was sponsored in part by the Advanced Research Projects Agency CSTO under the title "The Fox Project: Advanced Languages for Systems Software," ARPA Order No. C533, issued by ESC/ENS under Contract No. F1...
Higher Order Logic
 In Handbook of Logic in Artificial Intelligence and Logic Programming
, 1994
"... Contents 1 Introduction : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 2 2 The expressive power of second order Logic : : : : : : : : : : : 3 2.1 The language of second order logic : : : : : : : : : : : : : 3 2.2 Expressing size : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 4 2.3 Definin ..."
Abstract

Cited by 19 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Contents 1 Introduction : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 2 2 The expressive power of second order Logic : : : : : : : : : : : 3 2.1 The language of second order logic : : : : : : : : : : : : : 3 2.2 Expressing size : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 4 2.3 Defining data types : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 6 2.4 Describing processes : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 8 2.5 Expressing convergence using second order validity : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 9 2.6 Truth definitions: the analytical hierarchy : : : : : : : : 10 2.7 Inductive definitions : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 13 3 Canonical semantics of higher order logic : : : : : : : : : : : : 15 3.1 Tarskian semantics of second order logic : : : : : : : : : 15 3.2 Function and re
Presenting intuitive deductions via symmetric simplification
 In CADE10: Proceedings of the tenth international conference on Automated deduction
, 1990
"... In automated deduction systems that are intended for human use, the presentation of a proof is no less important than its discovery. For most of today’s automated theorem proving systems, this requires a nontrivial translation procedure to extract humanoriented deductions from machineoriented pro ..."
Abstract

Cited by 15 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In automated deduction systems that are intended for human use, the presentation of a proof is no less important than its discovery. For most of today’s automated theorem proving systems, this requires a nontrivial translation procedure to extract humanoriented deductions from machineoriented proofs. Previously known translation procedures, though complete, tend to produce unintuitive deductions. One of the major flaws in such procedures is that too often the rule of indirect proof is used where the introduction of a lemma would result in a shorter and more intuitive proof. We present an algorithm, symmetric simplification, for discovering useful lemmas in deductions of theorems in first and higherorder logic. This algorithm, which has been implemented in the TPS system, has the feature that resulting deductions may no longer have the weak subformula property. It is currently limited, however, in that it only generates lemmas of the form C ∨ ¬C ′ , where C and C ′ have the same negation normal form. 1
Optimized Encodings of Fragments of Type Theory in First Order Logic
 JLC: Journal of Logic and Computation
, 1994
"... The paper presents sound and complete translations of several fragments of MartinLof's monomorphic type theory to first order predicate calculus. The translations are optimised for the purpose of automated theorem proving in the mentioned fragments. The implementation of the theorem prover Gand ..."
Abstract

Cited by 7 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The paper presents sound and complete translations of several fragments of MartinLof's monomorphic type theory to first order predicate calculus. The translations are optimised for the purpose of automated theorem proving in the mentioned fragments. The implementation of the theorem prover Gandalf and several experimental results are described. 1 Introduction The subject of this paper is the problem of automated theorem proving in MartinLof's monomorphic type theory [19, 8], which is the underlying logic of the interactive proof development system ALF [2, 14]. In the scope of our paper the task of automated theorem proving in type theory is understood as demonstrating that a certain type is inhabited by constructing a term of that type. The problem of inhabitedness of a type A is understood in the following way: given a set of judgements \Gamma (these may be constant declarations, explicit definitions and defining equalities), find a term a such that a2A is derivable from \Gam...
Applying Tree Languages in Proof Theory
 In AdrianHoria Dediu and Carlos MartínVide, editors, Language and Automata Theory and Applications (LATA) 2012, volume 7183 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science
, 2012
"... Abstract. We introduce a new connection between formal language theory and proof theory. One of the most fundamental proof transformations in a class of formal proofs is shown to correspond exactly to the computation of the language of a certain class of tree grammars. Translations in both direction ..."
Abstract

Cited by 7 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract. We introduce a new connection between formal language theory and proof theory. One of the most fundamental proof transformations in a class of formal proofs is shown to correspond exactly to the computation of the language of a certain class of tree grammars. Translations in both directions, from proofs to grammars and from grammars to proofs, are provided. This correspondence allows theoretical as well as practical applications. 1
Progress in the Development of Automated Theorem Proving for Higherorder Logic
"... The Thousands of Problems for Theorem Provers (TPTP) problem library is the basis of a well established infrastructure supporting research, development, and deployment of firstorder Automated Theorem Proving (ATP) systems. Recently, the TPTP has been extended to include problems in higherorder log ..."
Abstract

Cited by 6 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The Thousands of Problems for Theorem Provers (TPTP) problem library is the basis of a well established infrastructure supporting research, development, and deployment of firstorder Automated Theorem Proving (ATP) systems. Recently, the TPTP has been extended to include problems in higherorder logic, with corresponding infrastructure and resources. This paper describes the practical progress that has been made towards the goal of TPTP support for higherorder ATP systems.