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18
Full Abstraction for PCF
 Information and Computation
, 1996
"... An intensional model for the programming language PCF is described, in which the types of PCF are interpreted by games, and the terms by certain "historyfree" strategies. This model is shown to capture definability in PCF. More precisely, every compact strategy in the model is definable i ..."
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Cited by 195 (15 self)
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An intensional model for the programming language PCF is described, in which the types of PCF are interpreted by games, and the terms by certain "historyfree" strategies. This model is shown to capture definability in PCF. More precisely, every compact strategy in the model is definable in a certain simple extension of PCF. We then introduce an intrinsic preorder on strategies, and show that it satisfies some remarkable properties, such that the intrinsic preorder on function types coincides with the pointwise preorder. We then obtain an orderextensional fully abstract model of PCF by quotienting the intensional model by the intrinsic preorder. This is the first syntaxindependent description of the fully abstract model for PCF. (Hyland and Ong have obtained very similar results by a somewhat different route, independently and at the same time.) We then consider the effective version of our model, and prove a Universality Theorem: every element of the effective extensional model is definable in PCF. Equivalently, every recursive strategy is definable up to observational equivalence.
Full Abstraction for PCF (Extended Abstract)
 THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTER SOFTWARE. INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM TACS'94, NUMBER 789 IN LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1994
"... The Full Abstraction Problem for PCF [23, 20, 7, 11] is one of the longeststanding problems in the semantics of programming languages. There is quite widespread agreement that it is one of the most difficult; there is much less agreement as to what exactly the problem is, or more particularly as ..."
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Cited by 66 (11 self)
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The Full Abstraction Problem for PCF [23, 20, 7, 11] is one of the longeststanding problems in the semantics of programming languages. There is quite widespread agreement that it is one of the most difficult; there is much less agreement as to what exactly the problem is, or more particularly as to the precise criteria for a solution. The usual formulation is that one wants a "semantic characterization" of the fully abstract model (by which we mean the inequationally fully abstract orderextensional model, which Milner proved to be uniquely specified up to isomorphism by these properties [20]). The problem is to understand what should be meant by a "semantic characterization". Our view is that the essential content of the problem, what makes it important, is that it calls for a semantic characterization of sequential, functional computation at hig...
Fully abstract semantics for observably sequential languages
 Information and Computation
, 1994
"... One of the major challenges in denotational semantics is the construction of a fully abstract semantics for a higherorder sequential programming language. For the past fifteen years, research on this problem has focused on developing a semantics for PCF, an idealized functional programming language ..."
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Cited by 49 (4 self)
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One of the major challenges in denotational semantics is the construction of a fully abstract semantics for a higherorder sequential programming language. For the past fifteen years, research on this problem has focused on developing a semantics for PCF, an idealized functional programming language based on the typed λcalculus. Unlike most practical languages, PCF has no facilities for observing and exploiting the evaluation order of arguments to procedures. Since we believe that these facilities play a crucial role in sequential computation, this paper focuses on a sequential extension of PCF, called SPCF, that includes two classes of control operators: a possibly empty set of error generators and a collection of catch and throw constructs. For each set of error generators, the paper presents a fully abstract semantics for SPCF. If the set of error generators is empty, the semantics interprets all procedures—including catch and throw—as BerryCurien sequential algorithms. If the language contains error generators, procedures denote manifestly sequential functions. The manifestly sequential functions form a Scott domain that is isomorphic to a domain of decision trees, which is the natural
A Semantic analysis of control
, 1998
"... This thesis examines the use of denotational semantics to reason about control flow in sequential, basically functional languages. It extends recent work in game semantics, in which programs are interpreted as strategies for computation by interaction with an environment. Abramsky has suggested that ..."
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Cited by 32 (5 self)
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This thesis examines the use of denotational semantics to reason about control flow in sequential, basically functional languages. It extends recent work in game semantics, in which programs are interpreted as strategies for computation by interaction with an environment. Abramsky has suggested that an intensional hierarchy of computational features such as state, and their fully abstract models, can be captured as violations of the constraints on strategies in the basic functional model. Nonlocal control flow is shown to fit into this framework as the violation of strong and weak ‘bracketing ’ conditions, related to linear behaviour. The language µPCF (Parigot’s λµ with constants and recursion) is adopted as a simple basis for highertype, sequential computation with access to the flow of control. A simple operational semantics for both callbyname and callbyvalue evaluation is described. It is shown that dropping the bracketing condition on games models of PCF yields fully abstract models of µPCF.
Kripke Logical Relations and PCF
 Information and Computation
, 1995
"... Sieber has described a model of PCF consisting of continuous functions that are invariant under certain (finitary) logical relations, and shown that it is fully abstract for closed terms of up to thirdorder types. We show that one may achieve full abstraction at all types using a form of "Krip ..."
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Cited by 31 (3 self)
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Sieber has described a model of PCF consisting of continuous functions that are invariant under certain (finitary) logical relations, and shown that it is fully abstract for closed terms of up to thirdorder types. We show that one may achieve full abstraction at all types using a form of "Kripke logical relations" introduced by Jung and Tiuryn to characterize definability. To appear in Information and Computation. (Accepted, October 1994) Supported by NSF grant CCR92110829. 1 Introduction The nature of sequential functional computation has fascinated computer scientists ever since Scott remarked on a curious incompleteness phenomenon when he introduced LCF (Logic for Computable Functions) and its continuous function model in 1969 (Scott, 1993). Scott noted that although the functionals definable by terms in PCFthe term language of LCFadmitted a sequential evaluation strategy, there were functions in the model that seemed to require a parallel evaluation strategy. "Sequen...
A New Characterization of Lambda Definability
, 1993
"... . We give a new characterization of lambda definability in Henkin models using logical relations defined over ordered sets with varying arity. The advantage of this over earlier approaches by Plotkin and Statman is its simplicity and universality. Yet, decidability of lambda definability for heredit ..."
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Cited by 26 (1 self)
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. We give a new characterization of lambda definability in Henkin models using logical relations defined over ordered sets with varying arity. The advantage of this over earlier approaches by Plotkin and Statman is its simplicity and universality. Yet, decidability of lambda definability for hereditarily finite Henkin models remains an open problem. But if the variable set allowed in terms is also restricted to be finite then our techniques lead to a decision procedure. 1 Introduction An applicative structure consists of a family (A oe ) oe2T of sets, one for each type oe, together with a family (app oe;ø ) oe;ø 2T of application functions, where app oe;ø maps A oe!ø \Theta A oe into A ø . For an applicative structure to be a model of the simply typed lambda calculus (in which case we call it a Henkin model, following [4]), one requires two more conditions to hold. It must be extensional which means that the elements of A oe!ø are uniquely determined by their behavior under app oe;ø...
Finitary PCF is not decidable
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 1996
"... The question of the decidability of the observational ordering of finitary PCF was raised [5] to give mathematical content to the full abstraction problem for PCF [9, 14]. We show that the ordering is in fact undecidable. This result places limits on how explicit a representation of the fully abstra ..."
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Cited by 25 (0 self)
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The question of the decidability of the observational ordering of finitary PCF was raised [5] to give mathematical content to the full abstraction problem for PCF [9, 14]. We show that the ordering is in fact undecidable. This result places limits on how explicit a representation of the fully abstract model can be. It also gives a slight strengthening of the author’s earlier result on typed λdefinability [6].
Correspondence between Operational and Denotational Semantics
 Handbook of Logic in Computer Science
, 1995
"... This course introduces the operational and denotational semantics of PCF and examines the relationship between the two. Topics: Syntax and operational semantics of PCF, Activity Lemma, undefinability of parallel or; Context Lemma (first principles proof) and proof by logical relations Denotational ..."
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Cited by 23 (0 self)
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This course introduces the operational and denotational semantics of PCF and examines the relationship between the two. Topics: Syntax and operational semantics of PCF, Activity Lemma, undefinability of parallel or; Context Lemma (first principles proof) and proof by logical relations Denotational semantics of PCF induced by an interpretation; (standard) Scott model, adequacy, weak adequacy and its proof (by a computability predicate) Domain Theory up to SFP and Scott domains; non full abstraction of the standard model, definability of compact elements and full abstraction for PCFP (PCF + parallel or), properties of orderextensional (continuous) models of PCF, Milner's model and Mulmuley's construction (excluding proofs) Additional topics (time permitting): results on pure simplytyped lambda calculus, Friedman 's Completeness Theorem, minimal model, logical relations and definability, undecidability of lambda definability (excluding proof), dIdomains and stable functions Homepa...
A Relational Account of CallbyValue Sequentiality
 IN: PROC. 12TH SYMP. LOGIC IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1999
"... We construct a model for FPC, a purely functional, sequential, callbyvalue language. The model is built from partial continuous functions, in the style of Plotkin, further constrained to be uniform with respect to a class of logical relations. We prove that the model is fully abstract. ..."
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Cited by 13 (2 self)
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We construct a model for FPC, a purely functional, sequential, callbyvalue language. The model is built from partial continuous functions, in the style of Plotkin, further constrained to be uniform with respect to a class of logical relations. We prove that the model is fully abstract.