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Formal Topology and Constructive Mathematics: the Gelfand and StoneYosida Representation Theorems
 Journal of Universal Computer Science
, 2005
"... Abstract. We present a constructive proof of the StoneYosida representation theorem for Riesz spaces motivated by considerations from formal topology. This theorem is used to derive a representation theorem for falgebras. In turn, this theorem implies the Gelfand representation theorem for C*alge ..."
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Cited by 13 (6 self)
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Abstract. We present a constructive proof of the StoneYosida representation theorem for Riesz spaces motivated by considerations from formal topology. This theorem is used to derive a representation theorem for falgebras. In turn, this theorem implies the Gelfand representation theorem for C*algebras of operators on Hilbert spaces as formulated by Bishop and Bridges. Our proof is shorter, clearer, and we avoid the use of approximate eigenvalues.
A Topos for Algebraic Quantum Theory
 COMMUNICATIONS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
, 2009
"... The aim of this paper is to relate algebraic quantum mechanics to topos theory, so as to construct new foundations for quantum logic and quantum spaces. Motivated by Bohr’s idea that the empirical content of quantum physics is accessible only through classical physics, we show how a noncommutative C ..."
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Cited by 8 (1 self)
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The aim of this paper is to relate algebraic quantum mechanics to topos theory, so as to construct new foundations for quantum logic and quantum spaces. Motivated by Bohr’s idea that the empirical content of quantum physics is accessible only through classical physics, we show how a noncommutative C*algebra of observables A induces a topos T (A) in which the amalgamation of all of its commutative subalgebras comprises a single commutative C*algebra A. According to the constructive Gelfand duality theorem of Banaschewski and Mulvey, the latter has an internal spectrum �(A) in T (A), which in our approach plays the role of the quantum phase space of the system. Thus we associate a locale (which is the topostheoretical notion of a space and which intrinsically carries the intuitionistic logical structure of a Heyting algebra) to a C*algebra (which is the noncommutative notion of a space). In this setting, states on A become probability measures (more precisely, valuations) on �, and selfadjoint elements of A define continuous functions (more precisely, locale maps) from � to Scott’s interval domain. Noting that open subsets of �(A) correspond to propositions about the system, the pairing map that assigns a (generalized) truth value to a state and a proposition assumes an extremely simple categorical form. Formulated in this way, the quantum theory defined by A is essentially turned into a classical theory, internal to the topos T (A). These results were inspired by the topostheoretic approach to quantum physics proposed by Butterfield and Isham, as recently generalized by Döring and Isham.
A constructive and formal proof of Lebesgue's Dominated Convergence Theorem in the interactive theorem prover Matita
, 2008
"... We present a formalisation of a constructive proof of Lebesgue’s Dominated Convergence Theorem given by Sacerdoti Coen and Zoli in [SZ]. The proof is done in the abstract setting of ordered uniformities, also introduced by the two authors as a simplification of Weber’s lattice uniformities given in ..."
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Cited by 7 (4 self)
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We present a formalisation of a constructive proof of Lebesgue’s Dominated Convergence Theorem given by Sacerdoti Coen and Zoli in [SZ]. The proof is done in the abstract setting of ordered uniformities, also introduced by the two authors as a simplification of Weber’s lattice uniformities given in [Web91, Web93]. The proof is fully constructive, in the sense that it is done in Bishop’s style and, under certain assumptions, it is also fully predicative. The formalisation is done in the Calculus of (Co)Inductive Constructions using the interactive theorem prover Matita [ASTZ07]. It exploits some peculiar features of Matita and an advanced technique to represent algebraic hierarchies previously introduced by the authors in [ST07]. Moreover, we introduce a new technique to cope with duality to halve the formalisation effort.
B.: Integrals and valuations
 2009) for Algebraic Quantum Theory
"... Abstract. We construct a homeomorphism between the compact regular locale of integrals on a Riesz space and the locale of (valuations) on its spectrum. In fact, we construct two geometric theories and show that they are biinterpretable. The constructions are elementary and mostly consist of explicit ..."
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Cited by 2 (1 self)
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Abstract. We construct a homeomorphism between the compact regular locale of integrals on a Riesz space and the locale of (valuations) on its spectrum. In fact, we construct two geometric theories and show that they are biinterpretable. The constructions are elementary and mostly consist of explicit manipulations on a distributive lattice associated to a given Riesz space. 1.
COMPUTABLE SETS: LOCATED AND OVERT LOCALES
, 2007
"... Abstract. What is a computable set? One may call a bounded subset of the plane computable if it can be drawn at any resolution on a computer screen. Using the constructive approach to computability one naturally considers totally bounded subsets of the plane. We connect this notion with notions intr ..."
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Abstract. What is a computable set? One may call a bounded subset of the plane computable if it can be drawn at any resolution on a computer screen. Using the constructive approach to computability one naturally considers totally bounded subsets of the plane. We connect this notion with notions introduced in other frameworks. A subset of a totally bounded set is again totally bounded iff it is located. Locatedness is one of the fundamental notions in constructive mathematics. The existence of a positivity predicate on a locale, i.e. the locale being overt, or open, has proved to be fundamental in locale theory in a constructive, or topos theoretic, context. We show that the two notions are intimately connected. We propose a definition of located closed sublocale motivated by locatedness of subsets of metric spaces. A closed sublocale of a compact regular locale is located iff it is overt. Moreover, a closed subset of a complete metric space is Bishop compact — that is, totally bounded and complete — iff its localic completion is compact overt. For Baire space metric locatedness corresponds to having a decidable positivity predicate. Finally, we show that the points of the Vietoris locale of a compact regular locale are precisely its compact overt sublocales. We work constructively, predicatively and avoid the use of the axiom of countable choice. Consequently, all are results are valid in any predicative topos. 1.
Constructive Results on Operator Algebras 1
"... Abstract: We present a to following results in the constructive theory of operator algebras. A representation theorem for finite dimensional von Neumannalgebras. A representation theorem for normal functionals. The spectral measure is independent of the choice of the basis of the underlying Hilbert ..."
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Abstract: We present a to following results in the constructive theory of operator algebras. A representation theorem for finite dimensional von Neumannalgebras. A representation theorem for normal functionals. The spectral measure is independent of the choice of the basis of the underlying Hilbert space. Finally, the double commutant theorem for finite von Neumann algebras and for Abelian von Neumann algebras.